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2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
A common rhinitis, so common in life, is rarely treated with a visit to the doctor. People are used to this symptom and know hundreds of medications that can be used. Someone buys in a pharmacy what they heard in an advertisement, someone consults with friends, and someone completely neglects treatment and waits for the symptom to pass on its own.
So, what can an untreated runny nose threaten with?
Everyone knows the word "sinusitis". Sinusitis is a severe form of the common cold that can lead to the outpouring of pus into the brain, blood poisoning, or a number of even more unpleasant consequences. However, even without developing to a serious illness, the symptom is not the most pleasant. Nasal congestion, profuse mucus discharge, often headache - they are trying to cure all this as quickly as possible.
Therefore, it is necessary to treat a runny nose and it is much better to do it under the supervision of a specialist. For a woman during pregnancy, this rule has no exceptions. A common rhinitis can be cured with less harmful drugs than those used for sinusitis.
This is a good reason for a pregnant woman to start treatment at the earliest stages of the development of the common cold. Sinusitis cannot be treated without antibiotics. Any antibiotic, even local action, has a number of contraindications and side effects.
Isofra is one of the remedies used to treat sinusitis.
Treatment of the common cold with Isofra spray
The drug is dispensed with a nebulizer, which allows the drug to enter the nose in ideal proportions.
- For adults, one spray four to six times a day.
- For children, one spray three times a day.
There are differences in the duration of treatment:
- Adults - 10 days.
- Children - no more than a week.
Doctors prescribe this medicine even for children under one year old. Studies have confirmed the effectiveness of the drug, but do not forget about the harm caused by antibiotics. It is much easier to disrupt the work of the mucous membrane in a child than in an adult. Therefore, without extreme need for the treatment of a child's rhinitis, it is better not to use this remedy. It is prescribed for children only after receiving the test results. The tolerance of the components of the drug is checked.
It can also be used in the postoperative period (as a bacterial agent), as well as in the treatment of otitis media, as an adjuvant. For the treatment of second and third degree adenoiditis in children, this medication can also be prescribed as an additional remedy.
If the medication does not bring tangible results within three days, the medication should be replaced.
This spray is not independent. As a rule, it is prescribed in combination with other drugs, but not other nasal sprays.
When injecting the drug, you should keep your head upright, slightly tilted forward. The spray is held vertically. Before using a new bottle for the first time, spray it into the air several times to achieve the correct dosage and even injection into the nose.
The drug has a number of contraindications:
- Not for people with kidney problems
- Do not take for neurological conditions
- Do not use with antifungal medications (they suppress the effect of the antibiotic)
- Do not use while breastfeeding (or stop feeding during treatment)
- Do not use in pregnant women
- Do not use if you are prone to allergies
- Do not use in case of individual intolerance to the components of the drug
- Do not use if the septum is damaged
- Do not use at the same time with other sprays
Do not use the spray in combination with alcohol.
With an allergic rhinitis, the medicine is powerless and there is no point in taking it.
Isofra is an antibiotic, albeit a local one. It is the local action that sometimes makes doctors prescribe this spray to women during pregnancy.
Isofra during pregnancy
If sinusitis is started and treatment is urgently needed, Izofra can be used. Most often, this is done to avoid taking antibiotics in the form of pills or operable intervention - punctures. Obviously, taking antibiotics by mouth is far more harmful than using a nasal spray.
After a puncture, antibiotic treatment is also prescribed, so if the doctor prescribes Isofra to a pregnant woman, understanding all the risks, then the diagnosis is disappointing and every effort must be made to treat. But self-medication is contraindicated both for women during pregnancy and for all patients. Even a common cold needs to be treated responsibly and with an understanding of its causes.
There are a number of procedures that are considered harmless for a pregnant woman. These are rinsing, heating, rinsing. There are also several drugs that have practically no contraindications, which doctors boldly prescribe during pregnancy, starting from the first trimester. These are saline solutions such as Aquamaris. Isofra does not apply to those drugs that are prescribed to pregnant women. This is a medicine that has a strong antimicrobial effect.
It is released in the form of a nasal spray. The main active ingredient is framycetin. It is an antibiotic that can have a negative effect on the fetal cochleovestibular apparatus. A baby may be born with bilateral deafness. Therefore, it is not prescribed in the first trimester of pregnancy categorically. Second trimester - carefully weighing the alleged harm and benefits (take only as directed by the doctor). Third trimester - You must stop using the medication nine weeks before delivery. It should be noted that if a runny nose is caused by a virus, Isofra will not help, since framycetin fights bacteria.
The use of an antibiotic can cause dysbiosis. The nasal mucosa is no exception - therefore, you need to be very careful with dosages and do not use the spray more often than prescribed by your doctor. Using it for too long will lead to the same result. This is especially true for children. Their mucous membrane is more sensitive. Therefore, it is worth carefully monitoring the patient's condition and, in case of deterioration, stop treatment and change the drug.
There are a number of drugs that belong to the same pharmacological group as Isofra:
- Gentamicin and others
In fairness, it should be said that Isofra has no analogues. This drug is conventionally called a nasal spray, meaning not the active substance at all, but about the form of release of the drug.
Its obvious advantages are:
- Uniform spray
- Ease of use
- Lack of addiction to the active substance
Do not forget that any antibiotic has side effects - for example, it reduces the level of protection in the body. The spray can "weaken" the nasal mucosa, making it more susceptible to viruses. Therefore, when using this medicine, one should remember about the possible negative consequences of its use.
Isofra is usually well tolerated by patients, but in rare cases, side effects such as allergic reactions have been noted.
It must be remembered that there are no harmless medicines. Especially harmless antibiotics. Therefore, it is possible to be treated with Isofra spray strictly according to the doctor's prescription and observing the dosages that he indicated.