Table of contents:
- Prerequisites for the disease during pregnancy
- Rectal preparations non-toxic to the fetus
- List of safe drugs
2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
Pregnancy is a special and very important stage in the life of almost every woman. But the birth and bearing of a new life can pose a threat to the health of the expectant mother. After all, the body begins to work for wear and tear, giving all its strength and resources to the baby in the womb. Yes, no matter how paradoxical it may sound, pregnancy can cause the development of some serious diseases, including chronic ones. One of these diseases is hemorrhoids.
Prerequisites for the disease during pregnancy
Unfortunately, according to statistics, the likelihood of the occurrence and development of hemorrhoids in pregnant women is very high. It ranges from 60 to 75 percent.
What factors contribute to this? First of all, this disease is very insidious and may not be particularly pronounced for many years. After all, no one will pay attention to rare constipation or a small, rather quickly passing itching, and they can be harbingers of the disease long before conception. This is called the asymptomatic period.
During gestation, all the "bad" processes in the body of pregnant women are accelerated, and ailments clearly make themselves felt. In addition, due to too much load on the pelvic organs, blood stagnates in them, the hormonal balance in the woman's body is disturbed, which inevitably leads to constipation. And they, in turn, lead to the occurrence or development of diseases.
In the second stage of the disease, itching in the rectum intensifies to a burning sensation, pain occurs when going to the toilet, and blood appears. It is no longer possible to ignore the disease. It is necessary to consult a proctologist for qualified help. But the trouble is, most drugs are contraindicated for pregnant women, because they can harm an unborn child. So what drugs can be used in this situation?
Rectal preparations non-toxic to the fetus
Rectal suppositories can be safely called the most common drug for the treatment of hemorrhoids. Rectal means specially designed for insertion into the anal passage. They have a streamlined shape with a tapered end and a smooth, slippery surface that facilitates insertion into the anus.
Rectal suppositories are good because, unlike pills, they are less toxic to the human body. The medicinal components contained in them quickly enter the bloodstream, moreover, in an unchanged form. This is due to the fact that the suppositories dissolve already in the rectum, simply under the influence of body temperature, and the medicine is absorbed into the bloodstream directly from the intestines, without going through the process of dissolution in the stomach and without entering the liver.
There are three types of candles:
- pain relievers;
- relieving puffiness;
- stopping bleeding.
But, since we are dealing with the treatment of the disease during gestation, there are several restrictions. Anesthetic suppositories for pregnant women should in no case contain synthetic analgesics. Anesthetic components should only be of plant origin.
Which is the best fit - depends on the duration of pregnancy and the stage of development of hemorrhoids.
List of safe drugs
Since pregnancy is a special condition of a woman's body, and any inappropriate medications can cause irreparable harm to the fetus, consultation with a doctor before taking it is inevitable. What doctors most often recommend for the safe treatment of suppositories for hemorrhoids for pregnant women.
Candles "Relief Advance"
Active ingredient: phenylephrine, shark liver extract. Vasoconstrictor phenylephrine helps relieve swelling, and shark liver components help heal fissures in the rectum.
The drug has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. Shark liver oil contains a natural analgesic.
Indications for use:
- internal hemorrhoids in the early stages;
- external hemorrhoids in severe form with prolapse of nodes;
- cracks in the anus.
Dosage: one suppository in the morning and in the evening. If necessary, after each bowel movement, but not more than 4 pcs. per day.
The course of treatment: 5-7 days, tangible results after 3 doses.
- allergy to the components of the drug;
- high blood pressure.
Of the entire line of drugs, only Relief Advance can be used when carrying a child. Suppositories "Relief Ultra" contain components dangerous to the fetus, they should not be used until the end of the breastfeeding period.
Candles with papaverine
Active ingredient: papaverine hydrochloride is an opium antispasmodic. It has an effect on the smooth muscles of the intestines and uterus, lowering blood pressure. Papaverine medications are pain relievers.
Indications for use:
- hypertonicity of the muscles of the uterus and intestines;
- acute pain in the rectum.
Dosage: one 2-3 times a day.
Treatment course: from 3 to 10 days. The positive effect is felt already on the third day.
- renal failure;
- low pressure;
The drug belongs to the category of safe for expectant mothers, but the instructions will still indicate "use with caution during pregnancy."
Active ingredient: alginic acid, extract from red and brown algae. It is a natural pain reliever.
- bleeding hemorrhoids;
- cracks in the rectum;
- inflammatory processes in the rectum.
Dosage: 1 pc. in the morning and in the evening.
Treatment course: 7-10 days. Under the supervision of a doctor, the course can be extended.
Contraindications: hypersensitivity to alginic acid.
An absolutely natural preparation based on seaweed. Can be used throughout pregnancy;
Candles with propolis, "Propolis DN"
Active ingredient: propolis, has anti-inflammatory, healing and analgesic effects. In addition, suppositories with propolis promote the release of feces, relieving constipation - the main cause of exacerbation of hemorrhoids.
- inflammation of the rectum and hemorrhoids;
- pain at all stages of hemorrhoids.
Dosage: 2 pcs. per day, morning and evening.
The course of treatment: 10-12 days, if necessary extended up to one month.
Contraindications: allergic reactions to propolis and other components in the preparation.
Despite the fact that there is no direct indication in the instructions that candles are a danger to pregnant and lactating women, they should be used only under the supervision of a doctor.
The active ingredient is bufexamak, a derivative of arylacetic acid, which has an anti-inflammatory effect, and lidocaine, a local analgesic.
- acute pain with anal fissures;
- inflammation of the anus and rectum;
- hemorrhoids of early and middle stage.
Dosage: depending on the severity of the disease, one suppository 1-2 times a day.
Treatment course: 8-12 days.
Contraindications: lidocaine intolerance.
A universal preparation suitable for any stage of pregnancy. The duration of the course of treatment should be prescribed by the doctor.
Sea buckthorn candles
Active ingredients: carotenoids, palmitic and stearic acid. The polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamins in sea buckthorn oil have a healing effect.
- bleeding with hemorrhoids;
- copious discharge from the rectum - "wet hemorrhoids";
- swelling of the rectum;
- itching and burning in the anus.
Dosage: 1-2 suppositories in the morning and evening.
Treatment course: 7-9 days.
Candles made from natural ingredients will help the expectant mother, and are completely harmless to the health of the child.
Possible Side Effects of Hemorrhoid Treatment
Even if the course of treatment has been prescribed by your doctor, the body of each woman has its own characteristics. And we may not know until a certain time about our intolerance to one or another component in the composition of the drug. Therefore, when using suppositories for hemorrhoids, as well as when using other drugs, there may be side effects.
Possible side effects include:
- nausea, vomiting;
- headache, dizziness;
- drowsiness, weakness;
- tinnitus, confusion;
- neurotic reactions, paralysis of the respiratory tract.
If such symptoms appear, treatment should be discontinued. See your doctor again for a more appropriate course of treatment. After all, we are talking not only about your health, but also the health of your baby.