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How to use antibiotics for dermatitis correctly?
How to use antibiotics for dermatitis correctly?

Dermatitis can be troublesome at any age. Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin that can occur upon contact with an irritant. Irritants can be different: household chemicals, food, infectious and fungal diseases. Different drugs are prescribed for the treatment of dermatitis. These can be antibiotics, antihistamines, hormones, internal medicines, and external agents. In what case is an antibiotic prescribed for dermatitis?

Antibiotics for dermatitis

Antibiotics for this disease are not always prescribed, but only if a secondary infection joins. In addition, antibiotics are prescribed for fungal or bacterial infections. For allergic dermatitis, antihistamines are prescribed.

What exactly do the experts prescribe? Here are the main drugs:

  • Tetracycline;
  • Minocycline;
  • Doxycycline;
  • Erythromycin;
  • Clindamycin;
  • Flucloxacillin.

Tetracycline is an antibiotic. The main substance is tetracycline, additional substances are magnesium carbonate, starch, sugar, calcium stearate, talc, gelatin, dextrin, carmoisine. It is an antimicrobial drug that comes in pill form. The medicine is used for infectious diseases such as bronchitis, tonsillitis, bacterial infections of the skin and soft tissues, acne, osteomyelitis, endometritis and others. In case of fungal diseases, it should be used with caution.

Tetracycline should be consumed within a week. If the symptoms are gone, then it is necessary to continue taking it for another 1-3 days. For adults, the dose is 250-500 mg four times a day, and children can take the medicine every six hours at the dose approved by the doctor. The drug is not recommended for lactation, pregnancy, leukopenia and under 8 years of age. Side effects: vomiting, nausea, gastritis, diarrhea, dysbiosis, pancreatitis, dizziness, flushing of the skin.

Minocycline is a semi-synthetic antibiotic. The drug is active in relation to. The product is available in tablets and suspensions that contain minocycline hydrochloride. The remedy is used for conjunctivitis, cholera, infections of the skin and soft tissues, if they are caused by streptococci and staphylococci. The medicine is not used in the treatment of meningococcal infection. Minocycline is used for fungal diseases.

How to drink the medicine? First, it is necessary to determine the sensitivity of the patient's microflora to this drug. Doses are set individually by a specialist. The average starting dose for adults is 0.2 g, and later 0.1 g every twelve hours. Children are given a dose based on body weight. Treatment should be continued for another 48 hours after the condition improves (that is, the symptoms disappear). The medicine should be taken a couple of hours after a meal or an hour before it.

May be disturbed by diarrhea, vomiting, lack of appetite, rash, urticaria, headache, allergies, erythema cutaneous. You can not use Minocycline during pregnancy, the age of eight years, hypersensitivity to tetracyclines.

Doxycycline is an antibiotic that contains the main active ingredient - doxycycline hyclate, as well as auxiliary substances - starch, magnesium stearate, gelatin, lactose monohydrate, titian dioxide, propyl parahydroxybenzoate, methyl parahydroxybenzoate. The medicine is produced in capsules. The remedy is used for intestinal infections, urogenital infections, Lyme disease, malaria, acne, skin infections, infections of the biliary tract.

Drink antibiotics with or after meals. Adults and children after twelve years of age on the first day take two capsules in one or two doses, and from the second day, one capsule once a day. The course of treatment is approximately 5-10 days, each case is individual, so the doctor makes the appointment. In the treatment of acne, it is usually taken at 50 mg / day for up to three months.

Of the side effects, skin flushing, diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, allergies, rash, headache, photosensitivity, itching, nephropathy, and dysbiosis can be troubling. Do not use the drug during pregnancy and lactation, porphyria, leukopenia, children under 12 years of age weighing less than 45 kg, hypersensitivity to tetracyclines. In case of an overdose, vomiting, convulsions, impaired consciousness are possible, therefore, with such symptoms, an urgent need to consult a doctor.

Erythromycin is an antibiotic that helps with seborrheic and atopic dermatitis. The main substance is erythromycin, the auxiliary substances are talc, potassium stearate, povidone, crospovidone, starch. It is produced in the form of tablets. An antibiotic is used for scarlet fever, brucellosis, whooping cough, pneumonia, biliary tract infections.

Take the product 250-500 mg once or twice a day. Children under 12 years of age are prescribed individually, depending on the course of the disease. Of the side effects, urticaria, allergies, vomiting, diarrhea, oral candidiasis, tachycardia, tinnitus may be disturbing. You can not use the drug during lactation, hypersensitivity, hearing loss. And it is necessary to take Erythromycin with caution in case of arrhythmias and liver failure.

Clindamycin helps with seborrheic dermatitis. In addition, you can use an antibiotic for bacterial endocarditis, septicemia. The medicine is released in capsules. Ingredients: clindamycin hydrochloride, lactose monohydrate, talc, starch, magnesium stearate. And also there is Clindamycin in solution for intravenous and intramuscular administration.

How to use Clindamycin? Typically, adults and children over the age of fifteen should drink one capsule every four hours. And for children from 8 to 15 years old, the dose will not be so large. The specific dose should be prescribed by a specialist. Nausea, jaundice, leukopenia, rash, itching, weakness, irritation, dysbiosis, vomiting, dizziness may occur. You can not use the medicine for ulcerative colitis, pregnancy, lactation, the age of three years, bronchial asthma, as well as intolerance to the main active ingredient.

Flucloxacillin is a remedy that is effective in both atopic and seborrheic dermatitis. In addition, Flucloxacillin is an antibiotic that includes gram-negative and gram-positive cocci. Helps with inflammatory and wound infections, endocarditis, meningitis. The product is released in capsules.

It is necessary to apply 0.25 g four times a day 60 minutes before meals. Children under 10 years old can drink a very small dose several times a day. The exact dose should be prescribed by a specialist, for both adults and children. Of the side effects, allergies, diarrhea and vomiting may be troubling. The drug is not recommended for eye diseases, allergic reactions and hypersensitivity to penicillin.

Which remedy is better and what to choose for dermatitis? Of course, it is impossible to say unequivocally what should be applied in a given situation. Antibiotics are prescribed only by a specialist, so you should definitely consult a doctor.

He will approach the solution of the problem in a comprehensive manner, and will prescribe a medicine according to the age and illness, as well as concomitant diseases and the general condition of the patient. You cannot choose your own antibiotics on your own.

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