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Why does a film form in the eyes of a person: treatment and prevention
Why does a film form in the eyes of a person: treatment and prevention

The eye is a complex, but fragile organ, disturbances in its work manifest as a loss of clarity of vision. The feeling of a veil on the eyes can be a symptom of a dangerous disease, so it is important to consult a doctor and find out its nature.

Film on the human eye

Blurred eyes, even for a short period, can cause anxiety. It can last for different times and is intense. Most often, the condition occurs in the morning or after eye strain while working at a computer. In some cases, the sensation of a film on the eye disappears after blinking, sometimes rubbing and moisturizing the eyes is required.

This condition is often accompanied by other symptoms:

  • unpleasant burning and itching;
  • sensitivity to light;
  • the appearance of "flies" and spots;
  • weakness.

The veil in combination with the listed signs can be a signal not only of the onset of a disease of the organs of vision, but also of the nervous system, therefore it is necessary to visit an ophthalmologist to establish the correct diagnosis.

The appearance of the film is more common in older people. This neoplasm consists of overgrown tissue of the conjunctival membrane. The pathology is called pterygium.

At the initial stage, the film covers only part of the cornea and does not interfere with vision. The danger of the disease is that the pterygium grows, gradually closing the pupil, and this already leads to blindness. The film can appear on one eye or two at once.

Film in the eyes - reasons

There are many factors that provoke the appearance of a neoplasm:

  1. Long-term exposure to ultraviolet radiation - the disease is more common among residents of southern countries, where there are many sunny days and high radiation intensity.
  2. Wounding mechanical action of dust, small particles, sand. These negative factors are intensified by the wind, which irritates the mucous membrane.
  3. Genetic predisposition - pathology can be transmitted between relatives within the family.
  4. Frequent inflammation of conjunctivitis - the mucous membrane is affected by adenoviruses, bacteria, allergic irritants. Each inflammatory process leaves scars and leads to a change in tissue structure.
  5. Long stay in front of a computer monitor causes dryness and irritation of the mucous membranes.

The conjunctiva of the eye has many blood vessels and nerves, so it reacts sharply to any stimulus. The mucous membrane consists of two layers: the epithelium (upper) and deep (submucous).

The conjunctiva performs a protective and moisturizing function, inside it there are glands responsible for the production of tear fluid. With prolonged exposure to negative factors, its epithelium is transformed, the connective tissue grows and a white film appears on the eyes of a person.

In addition to the pterygium disease, the veil and blurred vision are caused by the following reasons:

  • Refractive diseases (hyperopia, astigmatism), the problem is corrected by wearing glasses, lenses, laser therapy.
  • Dry eye syndrome - due to insufficient moisture, the cornea dries up and vision becomes cloudy. This occurs as a result of deterioration of the tear film.
  • Cataract is a disease of the elderly caused by clouding of the crystal.
  • Glaucoma is a visual impairment caused by intraocular pressure.
  • Taking certain medications (oral contraceptives, corticosteroids).
  • Inflammation of the optic nerve.

Film on the eyes of a newborn

Obstruction of the lacrimal canals is the main reason why babies have a film on their eyes. This is a rare disease, dacryocystitis, which occurs in 5% of babies.

The reasons for its occurrence:

  1. anomaly in the development of the lacrimal ducts;
  2. lack of a lacrimal canal;
  3. facial damage with obstetric forceps.

During the period of intrauterine growth, the nasolacrimal tract of the child is blocked by a gelatinous film. It prevents amniotic fluid from entering the respiratory tract.

With the first cry of a newborn, the film should break, and if this does not happen, the tear duct remains closed. Pathology leads to congestion in the lacrimal sac, causing inflammation of the eyes.

Signs of dacryocystitis can be easily noticed not only by the pediatrician, but also by the mother:

  • tears flowing without crying;
  • purulent discharge in the corners of the eyes;
  • redness and swelling of the lower part of the eye.

An ophthalmologist should diagnose the disease and prescribe treatment after examining the newborn. Medications are prescribed to relieve symptoms of inflammation. The therapy uses antiseptic rinsing, eye drops and massage. As the child grows by 6-12 months, the film should break, if this does not happen, a surgical incision will be required.

More rarely, lipodermoid is the cause of the appearance of the film. It is a mobile, light yellow elastic fold located on the outside of the eye. It is a congenital pathology that does not increase during life. The formation is firmly associated with the lacrimal gland, therefore, its removal is rarely performed.

Film in the eye: what to do?

Ophthalmologists distinguish between two stages of film development on the human visual organ:

  1. Symptoms and manifestations of the disease are absent.
  2. There is swelling, burning, irritation, vision deteriorates, an active growth of the neoplasm is observed.

Treatment of the film is not carried out with medications or folk remedies, there are no drugs to remove it. Disposal of pterygium is possible by surgery.

At the first stage of the disease, the ophthalmologist does not prescribe an operation. Small education is monitored. When the condition and size change, surgical intervention is immediately prescribed. At this stage, it is impossible to delay the operation, its complexity increases, and there is a high risk of relapse.

How is surgery performed?

Preparation for excision of the film begins a day, from this time it is forbidden to take aspirin and other blood thinners. The operation is performed with a scalpel or laser.

The latter option has significant advantages:

  • the laser cauterizes blood vessels, excluding bleeding;
  • no stitches required;
  • rehabilitation is faster;
  • pain is less pronounced.

Surgical or laser excision takes place under the influence of local anesthesia. The film is cut to the sclera, elimination of the formation takes 30 minutes.

After the operation, the patient wears a bandage over the eye. The doctor prescribes special drops that exclude the development of the inflammatory process.

At the end of the operation, the patient remains under observation for several hours. If severe pain occurs during this period, it is necessary to inform the doctor who will prescribe pain relievers. Rinsing the eyes with water is prohibited for several days.

Unfortunately, recurrences of pterygium are common. If a new growth occurs, you should see a doctor again.


Preventive measures include the exclusion of factors that provoke film growth:

  1. protect your eyes from the sun's rays with sunglasses;
  2. avoid hitting foreign objects;
  3. reduce the time you work at the monitor, take breaks every hour.

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