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Why do the whites of the eyes turn red and what to do about it?
Why do the whites of the eyes turn red and what to do about it?

Red eyes are a sign of hemorrhage or vasodilation. The protein appears pink and the conjunctiva is bright red. The causes of pathology may be different, but the result is the same - an aesthetic defect and discomfort. How to eliminate the consequences and whether you need to see a doctor, if this happens with a regular frequency, let's figure it out.

Top 10 causes of redness


Lack of sleep, constant work at the computer, heavy load on the eyes - all these factors affect the state of the organ of vision.

Even in a very busy work schedule, you need to find time for eye gymnastics. Every 45-60 minutes, you need to look away from the monitor or text, move your gaze to the right and left, change the angle of view - fix the focus on something far away and on objects located at a distance of no more than 15 cm from yourself.

Sleep at least 6 hours a day.

Drops - "Vizin", "Sistane", "Floxal", "Tobradex" and others will help to quickly remove redness. But keep in mind that such drugs only relieve an unpleasant symptom, but do not eliminate the root cause of the pathology. It is recommended to use them only in isolated cases, and not in a course.

Dry eyes

An unpleasant gritty or foreign body sensation that accompanies redness indicates dryness of the cornea. This condition occurs if the lacrimal canals do not produce enough secretion. Currently, there are special drugs that are conventionally called "artificial tears". If you drip them regularly, the problem will disappear. Means for moisturizing the organ of vision: "Hypromellose", "Oksial" and the like.


An allergic reaction to pollen, tobacco smoke, chemical odors and other irritants often manifests itself as reddening of the protein. If it is not possible to eliminate allergens, it is necessary to use protective devices, for example, glasses with simple lenses that fit tightly to the eye sockets, and regularly rinse the eyes with clean boiled water.

Antihistamines will also help eliminate irritation: Lorantandin, Diazolin, Claritin, Fenistil. There are also drops of antiallergic action: Opatanol, Kromohexal, Allergodil. An ophthalmologist will help you choose the best remedy.


The disease is provoked by the introduction of viral, bacterial or fungal flora into the mucous membrane of the conjunctiva. To stop a bacterial infection, drugs that target the causative agent of the infection help. Preference is given to drops with ccephalosporin and tetracycline in the composition, sulfa drugs. One of the most effective is Oftalmoferon.


This disease is contagious, during which the vessels, the cornea, and the conjunctiva become inflamed. The lesions are significant - ulcerative and erosive defects may appear. The disease is caused by allergic factors, the introduction of pathogenic flora, autoimmune diseases and endocrine disorders. It is treated exclusively under the supervision of a physician.


After a head injury, the vessels in the eyes also burst. When the general condition returns to normal, the cosmetic defect disappears. In women, reddening of the protein is observed some time after childbirth due to excessive stress.


In its course, the disease resembles conjunctivitis, but during it it is not the conjunctiva that becomes inflamed, but the cornea.

The etiology of the inflammatory process can be different: the introduction of infection - fungi, viruses, bacteria; trauma; allergies; avitaminosis.

Amebic keratitis occurs when the rules for using optical lenses are violated. Bacteria can be brought in if you swim in open reservoirs in lenses, rinse them not with a special solution, but with running water, and store them without observing the requirements of asepsis.

In addition to red proteins, severe soreness and pain in the eyes, photophobia, increased lacrimation are manifested.


More often episclera becomes inflamed in women over 35 years old.

The disease can be of an infectious nature or appear against the background of gout, tuberculosis, rosacea, herpes infection, measles, scarlet fever, ulcerative colitis and others.

In most cases, the disease does not need specific treatment and goes away on its own as soon as the general condition is normalized, but in some cases it is required to include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, eye drops with corticosteroids or artificial tears in the therapeutic regimen.

One of the main symptoms of the disease is considered to be pain caused by pressing on the eyelid when it is lowered.


With inflammation of the iris, only one eye turns red. There is also pain and photophobia. In severe cases, a deformation of the pupil is diagnosed, the color of the iris changes, and visual acuity decreases.

The disease is provoked by infectious agents after measles, influenza, gonorrhea, tuberculosis, malaria and chlamydia, which invade the mucous membrane of the organ of vision. It can also be caused by rheumatoid conditions, dysfunction of the endocrine system, autoimmune processes.

Treatment of iridocyclitis is carried out only under the supervision of a doctor - it may be necessary to prescribe corticosteroids, mydriatics, antihistamine drops. In some cases, medications are injected into the eye area. With severe inflammation, plasmapheresis or laser therapy is used. Surgical intervention can be used to eliminate the inflammatory process.

Non-eye diseases

If red spots on the protein appear regularly, and there is no apparent reason for this, it is necessary to take a general blood test and be sure to determine the level of glucose in the blood. The walls of blood vessels lose elasticity in diseases of the hematopoietic system, in diabetes mellitus, during arterial hypertension due to sudden pressure surges.

The sick person may not yet suspect about his condition, and the vessels burst already regularly.

Prevention measures

The victim himself is often to blame for the fact that reddened eyes have to be hidden under black glasses: he does not follow the regime of work and rest, overloads the organ of vision, constantly touches them with dirty hands, does not wash off cosmetics at night, or uses low-quality decorative products.

Red eyes in chronic alcoholics appear due to the load on the blood vessels - they expand, under the influence of the next dose, then narrow when the body is cleansed of toxins.

Indoor smokers also boast pink squirrels.

In summer, the organ of vision should be protected from exposure to excessive ultraviolet radiation, in winter - from frost.

You need to add foods to the diet that contain vitamins for the eyes:

  • carrot;
  • blueberries;
  • sea fish;
  • nuts of various types;
  • eggs;
  • parsley.

You can also use tabletting vitamin and mineral complexes.

If unloading and normalizing the diet did not help, and the eyes continue to redden periodically, you should consult a doctor. As mentioned above, such a condition can be a symptom of serious diseases.

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