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Restoration of intestinal microflora: why dysbiosis occurs and how to treat it
Restoration of intestinal microflora: why dysbiosis occurs and how to treat it

In the intestine there are both good bacteria that work well with the body, and pathogenic ones that negatively affect its functions. Normally, the microflora is abundantly populated with non-pathogenic bacteria, but there are minimal pathogenic and opportunistic organisms in it. But when their number increases, and there are few good bacteria left, an imbalance occurs, called intestinal dysbiosis.

The restoration of microflora is a long-term process involving the elimination of pathogenic organisms and the settlement of non-pathogenic drugs or other drugs.

Bacteria Necessary for Intestinal Function

Good microorganisms include:

  • lactobacilli;
  • bifidobacteria;
  • bacteroids.

The best probiotics for the restoration of intestinal microflora contain just such bacteria.

The weight of normal microflora in the body can hardly be overestimated, since it:

  1. stimulates intestinal motility;
  2. takes part in the synthesis of B vitamins, amino acids;
  3. removes toxins;
  4. regulates the exchange of bilirubin, fatty, bile acids;
  5. participates in water-salt and heat exchanges.

All this explains why the timely restoration of microflora is so important.

Symptoms of dysbiosis

Signs of pathology can manifest themselves both acutely and gradually - it depends on the cause that provoked it. It is noteworthy that the symptoms will vary in each individual situation. Their severity directly depends on the immunity, the patient's lifestyle, the state of the body, the presence of background diseases, especially chronic ones, and medication.

Minor disorders in most healthy people go away on their own, or recovery occurs with the help of folk remedies, natural preparations.

The development of dysbiosis is divided into 4 stages:

  • I - initial stage. It is caused by a short course of taking antibiotics or other aggressive medications, mild poisoning or a change in diet. The person feels some discomfort in the lower abdomen, rumbling, frequent urge to use the toilet. This is the only stage that allows for independent recovery measures. At the other stages of the pathology, medical medical assistance is needed with medication.
  • II - this stage is characterized by more characteristic symptoms. The patient may complain of an unpleasant taste in the mouth, lack of appetite, nausea. Diarrhea, alternating with constipation, flatulence and bloating begin to actively manifest themselves. Already at this stage, taking medications will be relevant.
  • III - due to the prolonged presence of pathogenic flora in the intestine, an inflammatory process develops. It is accompanied by cramps and pain in the lower abdomen, and food debris is present in the stool. The patient needs to undergo a long course of drug therapy.
  • IV - apathy, insomnia, lack of appetite, depression, anemia are added to all of the above symptoms. The latter develops due to the inability to absorb nutrients by the intestines, the absence of a number of vitamins of group B, K, which are produced with the help of beneficial bacteria. Recovery with special medications and drugs in this case can be delayed for a long period.

The described symptoms are not specific and can bother with various other pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, and most often they occur precisely with intestinal dysbiosis, because it can be provoked by malfunctions of other parts of the tract.

Causes of an imbalance in bacteria in the gut

Dysbacteriosis occurs due to:

  1. Long-term use of antibiotics and other medications. But if the body as a whole and the immune system are weakened by disease or bad habits, then a short course will be enough for a person to provoke an imbalance of bacteria;
  2. Junk food abuse. Products with synthetic flavors and flavors serve as a feed for pathogenic microflora, which displaces normal;
  3. After overeating or starvation, both extreme disrupts the digestion process;
  4. After surgery in the gastrointestinal tract;
  5. After intestinal infections;
  6. After poisoning. Moreover, the symptoms will vary depending on the strength of the intoxication;
  7. After taking hormonal medications. They, like antibiotics, have the ability to kill beneficial bacteria.

These reasons may well be combined, superimposed on the weakening of the body, smoking, alcohol consumption, and even on the irregularity of the diet. To restore and maintain normal intestinal microflora, you need to take into account all these factors and select the most effective drugs.

Dysbiosis treatment

Although today there is still a dispute in medical circles about whether dysbiosis is a disease or not, a certain procedure for therapy has been developed, as for any other disease.

Regardless of whether a person preferred to restore the microflora with folk remedies or with medication, with the help of drugs, first of all, it is necessary to eliminate the cause that provoked the pathology, because the imbalance of bacteria is not an independent disease, but only a consequence after violations.

So, if this is poisoning, for recovery you need to exclude a low-quality product from the diet, and after taking antibiotics or other aggressive drugs, the treatment of dysbiosis with drugs is prescribed as a matter of course.

Medicinal restoration of intestinal microflora. The patient will receive special medications, the purpose of which is to suppress pathogenic microorganisms, colonize beneficial bacteria and create the most favorable environment for the life of non-pathogenic microflora. They are divided into:

  • Probiotics - contain live microorganisms inherent in humans, which settle in the intestines and restore balance. "Probifor", "Atsilakt", "Bifidumbacterin" - drugs, which contain only one type of bacteria (they are not advised to be taken together with antibiotics). "Linex", "Bifikol", "Florin Forte" - products with several types of beneficial bacteria;
  • Prebiotics - provide the intestines with substances that create a favorable environment for the development of beneficial cultures and suppress the growth of pathogenic bacteria, ensuring after the complete restoration of microflora;
  • Probiotics with bacteria that do not belong to the human intestine. They live in the lower gastrointestinal tract for about a month, displace pathogenic microflora and then leave the body naturally, leaving behind a normal balance of bacteria.

In cases of poisoning for recovery, the patient is prescribed lactulose prebiotics - "Duphalac", "Lactofiltrum", "Portalak".

Each medicine has its own peculiarities of taking, contraindications and age restrictions, therefore, they are not recommended to be taken without the recommendation of a doctor and are prescribed only after undergoing research.

Restoration of intestinal microflora with folk remedies.

Traditional medicine provides for a person to comply with the general principles of nutrition and the use of specially prepared agents to restore the intestinal microflora.

General guidelines include:

  1. Eating cereals for breakfast, enriching the diet with beets, other vegetables, garlic, onions, fermented milk products, fruits, even after normalization of the state.
  2. The fastest recovery will be facilitated by fractional food intake. The principle is often, but not enough.
  3. Drinking clean still water up to 2 liters per day.
  4. For half an hour before and after eating, you need to stop drinking.
  5. Refusal from frankly harmful products: alcohol, chips, mineral water, as well as fatty, fried foods.

According to these guidelines, the person needs to follow the recovery diet for a while.

Traditional medicine recipes

  • Recipe number 1. Chop 100 grams of dried apricots and prunes, add honey. Take 1 tablespoon to restore the balance of gut microbes daily after meals.
  • Recipe number 2. Crush 2 cloves of garlic, throw them into a glass of kefir and drink every evening after meals 2 hours before bedtime.
  • Recipe number 3. Dill seeds (1 tablespoon) pour a glass of boiling water, leave for a couple of hours, drink every 2 hours between meals.
  • Recipe number 4. 500 ml. dilute warm water in a tablespoon of honey, sugar and 2 grams of yeast. Leave to ferment for no more than 2 hours, drink a glass in one gulp at regular intervals after meals.

Consequently, the restoration of normal intestinal microflora is a long process, which implies complex treatment - medication or with the help of folk remedies, adherence to a diet.

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