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Rainbow circles before the eyes as a symptom of an ophthalmic disease
Rainbow circles before the eyes as a symptom of an ophthalmic disease

Various eye diseases show up with certain symptoms. Some of the latter may indicate several ailments at once, and iridescent circles in front of the eyes are one of these symptoms. Moreover, this phenomenon in certain circumstances may be the limit of the norm.

In what cases is this so, and in what cases do you need to pay attention to this sign?

What is this phenomenon?

Many violations of the functioning of the eyes are accompanied not only by physical sensations, visual changes in the organs of vision, but also by the peculiarities of the patient's perception of the surrounding world.

For example, with various kinds of ailments, there is the appearance of "flies", spots, streaks before the eyes, and sometimes there are rainbow circles. They resemble a halo around a night lantern if you look at it through foggy glass or a veil of rain.

Usually, when rainbow circles appear, people who encounter this phenomenon sin on ophthalmic diseases, and most often this is true, but it can also be associated with psychiatric diseases and have a neurological nature. As for the mechanism of their occurrence, it is based on a change in the corneal refractive power, due to which the angle at which the rays of light are focused on the retina changes.

Causes of the phenomenon

When you go to a doctor with a complaint about the appearance of rainbow circles, first of all, a specialist checks the condition of the organs of vision.

During the examination, intraocular pressure is measured, an increase in which provokes glaucoma. On this basis, this disease can be confirmed or excluded. In addition, the doctor examines the fundus, as well as the anterior chamber of the organ of vision.

Here are the reasons that can cause the appearance of rainbow circles in front of the eyes:

  • Glaucoma is a disease in which the optic nerve atrophies over time and vision is lost;
  • Cataract is an ailment in which there is a clouding of the lens;
  • Conjunctivitis.

In order to be able to independently determine that a phenomenon is a symptom of an ophthalmic problem, it is worth knowing that if it is of a psychiatric nature, it may be evidence of visual hallucinations, the signs of which are also:

  • Insomnia;
  • Auditory hallucinations;
  • Rave.

If iridescent circles are combined with double vision, the problem may have a neurological basis.

However, in some cases, this phenomenon is not worth worrying about. For example, glare, iridescent circles can appear as a reaction of the eyes to various stimuli. It can be looking at too bright light, as well as directly affecting the muscles of the eyes. Probably, many have noticed that rainbow circles appear, even if you press hard enough on your eyes with your own palms. In such cases, you just need to cover them for a few seconds, and the phenomenon will recede.

Nevertheless, the reaction to stimuli is a manifestation that recedes very quickly, it is not systemic, but rather represents isolated cases.

If you notice that this problem haunts you more and more often, while you do not find any apparent reasons for it, you need to urgently consult a doctor, and you should start with an ophthalmologist or therapist.


Rainbow circles before the eyes do not act as a disease, but are only a sign of an ailment. In this regard, getting rid of this trouble implies fighting the very disease she is talking about.

Most often, the causes of the phenomenon are diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma. Vision correction and elimination of symptoms caused by these ailments is carried out through the selection of glasses, contact lenses, as well as through surgery, laser exposure.

It is used in ophthalmology and drug treatment of these diseases, which is advisable at the initial stages of their development. Eye drops are very effective, which have an effect that helps to improve the patient's condition.

Conjunctivitis, which is an inflammatory process, is also treated with medication.

  • "Vicein". The agent in the form of eye drops is used to treat cataracts of various types with a dull and moderate severity of the disease. The components of the drug are cysteine, glutamic acid, thiamine bromide, sodium salt solution, magnesium chloride, calcium chloride, sodium chloride, adenosine triphosphoric acid, nicotinic acid. The agent must be instilled into the eyes in the amount of 2 drops three times or four times / day. When using a medication, remember that you need to store it only in a closed form, and you cannot keep the medicine open for a long time. If a sediment appears in the bottle or drops become opaque, they are unusable. A contraindication to the use of the product is its individual intolerance. In addition, it is not used to treat posterior cup-shaped cataracts;
  • Fotil. This medication in the form of drops is used to treat glaucoma. It helps to reduce the production of eye fluid, and also normalizes its outflow, which is necessary in order to reduce intraocular pressure. The main components of the product are substances such as pilocarpine hydrochloride and timolol maleate. Contained in drops and hypromellose, sodium citrate, citric acid, sodium chloride. The medicine should be instilled twice / day in the amount of 1 drop. The use of the medication should be monitored by a doctor with periodic measurement of intraocular pressure, and depending on the patient's condition, the amount and frequency of the medication can be adjusted. Contraindications to the use of the drug are bronchial asthma, sinus bradycardia, cardiogenic shock, decompensated heart failure, the patient's age is less than 18 years, anterior uevitis. It is also impossible to use this remedy for the treatment of glaucoma immediately after the ophthalmic surgery;
  • "Ciprofloxacin". This is a drug in the form of eye drops that has antibacterial effects. It is used in the treatment of conjunctivitis. The active substance of the drug is ciprofloxacin, and the auxiliary components are glacial acetic acid, disodium edetate dihydrate, benzalkonium chloride, sodium acetate trihydrate, mannitol. In the acute form of the disease, the medicine is instilled at intervals of 4 hours during the day at a dosage of 2 drops. When the patient's condition improves, the frequency of use of the agent decreases. Contraindications to the use of drops are viral keratitis, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, the patient's age is less than 1 year;
  • Fenistil. This medication is also used in the treatment of conjunctivitis, but only of allergic origin. It is used in the form of drops, but not externally, but internally. The active ingredient of the drug is dimethindene maleate. The list of its additional substances includes propylene glycol, benzoic acid, sodium saccharinate, disodium edetate, citric acid monohydrate, sodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate. Children aged 3-12 years should take the drug in the amount of 15-20 drops three times / day. Patients who are 12 or more years old are advised to take drops in the amount of 20-40 drops three times / day. You can not use this drug for treatment in the presence of closed glaucoma, bronchial asthma, in the first trimester of pregnancy, with lactation, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.


Due to the fact that the iridescent circles before the eyes are not a disease, their prevention consists in the prevention of the diseases that accompany them.

This is facilitated by the following measures:

  • Compliance with hygiene standards;
  • Healthy lifestyle (proper nutrition, sports, no bad habits);
  • Do not overstrain your eyes;
  • Try to spend less time at the computer, watching TV;
  • Provide adequate lighting in the rooms in which you are staying;
  • Do daily eye exercises.

Rainbow circles in front of the eyes are a good enough reason to see a doctor, since they can be symptoms of very serious eye diseases.

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