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Diet for biliary dyskinesia
Diet for biliary dyskinesia

Dyskinesia of the biliary tract is a pathology in which their tone decreases, which leads to the fact that there are disturbances in the outflow and circulation of bile. Pathology develops with improper diet, liver disease, gall bladder and alcohol abuse. For the treatment of adults and children, it is important to know what is the recommended diet for biliary dyskinesia.

Basic principles of the diet

Nutrition for dyskinesia is built in such a way as to ensure the sparing work of the liver, improve the outflow of bile, and normalize the activity of the biliary tract and other organs of the digestive system.

The diet should be complete and contain the required amount of protein and carbohydrates, and fats should be limited. The ideal food option is "diet table number 5".

The menu must be formed in such a way that the amount of proteins is 85-90 g, and up to 45 g of them must be of animal origin. Fat should be 70-80 g, and 25-30 g are vegetable oils. Most of all, the diet should contain carbohydrates - 300-330 g, and there should be no more than 40 g of simple sugars. The daily calorie content should be no less than 2100 and no more than 2400 kcal.

The diet for biliary dyskinesia is based on the following principles:

  • It is necessary to take food fractionally, up to 5-6 times a day. The portions do not have to be large. It is best to sit down at the table at the same time, which is important in order to tune the gallbladder to produce bile. Small portions prevent bile from stagnating;
  • Food is used boiled and baked. Rarely can you afford to use stewing as a culinary treatment. Frying is prohibited, as it destroys fatty acids and leads to the formation of toxins, which increases the load on the gallbladder;
  • You should also pay attention to the temperature regime. So, it is recommended to serve dishes warm, the temperature should not be more than 60 degrees. Cold food is prohibited because it will cause spasms of the biliary tract, impairing the functioning of the digestive system;
  • If the biliary tract is working with deviations, then it is important to reduce the amount of salt consumed to 6-8 g. gallbladder. The daily rate of fluid is 2-2.5 liters. Water is needed to liquefy bile and cleanse the body of toxins;
  • Alcohol should be minimized, or better completely abandoned. Strong alcoholic drinks lead to spasms of smooth muscle muscles, which interferes with the outflow of bile, provoking its stagnation. The liver also suffers from them;
  • You need to include in your diet foods that are rich in fiber. The coarse fiber promotes the normal flow of bile by lowering cholesterol levels in the body. Fiber also softens feces and improves intestinal motility.

The diet must be followed for a long time and the minimum period is 1.5-2 years. It is important to use it only after a doctor's prescription. If there are other diseases of the digestive system, then it is necessary to tighten the diet.

Sometimes it is recommended to supplement food with folk remedies, for example, wheat germ, herbal decoctions and infusions. Remember that you should not self-medicate and it is better to seek medical advice before compiling a dietary menu.

List of approved products

There is a certain list of products that are allowed to be included in the diet for gallbladder dyskinesia for both a child and an adult:

  • You can afford uncomfortable flour products, that is, dumplings and dumplings. Use boiled fish and meat as a filling, as well as applesauce and cottage cheese;
  • If there are problems with the biliary tract, then it is recommended to include in your diet first courses based on vegetables and cereals. You can eat vegetarian cabbage soup, milk soups with pasta, as well as fruit first courses;
  • Sausages are allowed, but only dairy and diabetic, and you can still use mild ham;
  • Meat is allowed for eating, but it should not contain a lot of fat. This includes veal, beef, rabbit and poultry, but without the skin;
  • You can eat lean fish by boiling and baking it. Herring soaked in milk, jellied fish, and also salads with seafood are also allowed;
  • Fruits are allowed to be included in food, but they should not be sour;
  • With dyskinesia of the biliary tract, dairy products are allowed for children and adults, but only the percentage of fat should be small. Milk, yogurt, kefir, sour cream and cottage cheese are allowed, which are eaten not only fresh, but also casseroles, puddings and other dishes are made from it;
  • Cereals are on the list of permitted foods because they stimulate digestion. During an exacerbation, it is better to refuse millet porridge;
  • There are some prohibited items among vegetables, which will be described below;
  • It is important to give eggs to careful heat treatment, cooking them soft-boiled or steamed. It is important to take into account that you cannot eat more than one yolk per day, but there are no restrictions on proteins;
  • You can include various sauces in your menu, which are prepared on the basis of vegetables, milk and sour cream, and cinnamon, parsley and dill are allowed from spices;
  • Some sweets are allowed: honey, jam, marmalade and non-chocolates.

What not to eat with biliary dyskinesia

It is important to exclude from the diet certain foods that can aggravate the patient's condition:

  • foods rich in extractives, oxalic acid and essential oils: radishes, onions, garlic, spinach, etc.;
  • fatty meat and fish broths;
  • first courses containing salty foods (okroshka, rassolnik, etc.);
  • fatty meats and offal - liver, brains, kidneys, lard;
  • fatty and salted fish, caviar;
  • various types of smoked meats and sausages;
  • canned meat and fish;
  • chocolate;
  • ice cream,
  • fast food,
  • carbonated drinks;
  • dairy and fermented milk products with high fat content.

Sample menu

To properly organize your daily diet, you must take into account the above rules, as well as the list of permitted and prohibited foods. It is important to compose the menu, taking into account your own food preferences, so that there is no desire to eat something forbidden.

Consider a sample menu for one day suitable for people with dyskinesia:

  • Rice porridge cooked in milk is suitable for breakfast. Keep in mind that the portion should not be more than 100 g. An omelet is also allowed, but use only egg whites for it. Half an hour after eating, drink green tea, but do not add sugar;
  • After 2-3 hours, it's time for a second breakfast, for which a cottage cheese casserole and 1 tbsp. fruit juice;
  • For lunch, you can opt for a vegetarian soup to be eaten with two crusts of rye bread. You can also eat a piece of boiled fillet, but not more than 100 g. Drink black tea with a piece of lemon;
  • After a couple of hours, you need to make a snack, for which yogurt and two pieces of biscuit with a filling are ideal;
  • Dinner should be held no later than 6 pm and buckwheat porridge with a piece of butter is suitable for it, which can be supplemented with hard-boiled eggs. Choose a fruit compote as a drink, which should not be sour;
  • A couple of hours before bedtime, it is recommended to drink 200-250 ml of low-fat kefir or yogurt.

We have presented to your attention the basic information that concerns the diet for biliary dyskinesia. Stick to basic rules and restrictions to improve your condition and cope with the disease in a short period of time.

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