Table of contents:

Exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis: symptoms and treatment at home
Exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis: symptoms and treatment at home

The development of cholecystitis, or inflammation of the gallbladder, is a fairly common disease. Most often it occurs in people who suffer from diseases of the digestive system.

general description

Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder. It is located on the right side under the liver and is a vital organ in the digestive system.

Inflammation of the bile duct or its duct negatively affects overall health.

According to statistics, the development of cholecystitis occurs in women five times more often than in men. People who are overweight are especially affected. The disease can be acute and chronic.

The development of chronic cholecystitis lasts for a single year. Usually, the patient leaves the first symptoms without proper attention. For this reason, the disease is detected when it acquires an advanced stage of development.

An ailment often occurs as a result of an improper diet. Harmful food has a negative effect on the body, causing an exacerbation. Treatment of chronic cholecystitis should be prescribed by a gastroenterologist. The effectiveness of therapy can only be achieved with an appropriate diet.

Symptoms and Causes

The disease of chronic cholecystitis is determined by the inflammatory process in the gallbladder, which periodically worsens. This condition causes pain in the liver and hypochondrium on the right side. Sometimes the pain radiates in the area of the scapula or shoulder. Also, symptoms can be manifested by bouts of vomiting, nausea and a feeling of bitterness that occurs in the mouth.

Exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis causes constipation, which alternates with diarrhea. Sometimes the patient has a fever and a general change in health. Symptoms of the disease can cause irritability, weakness, and disrupt a person's sleep.

The weakening of the body, which causes exacerbation of cholecystitis, lowers the immune system. As a result, the possibility of diseases caused by viral infections increases. This is especially true for the autumn winter period.

Symptoms of cholecystitis affect the bowel function, which causes dysfunction of the digestive system. This factor explains why the disease often goes along with other diseases, such as gastritis or pancreatitis.

Various factors can cause exacerbation of cholecystitis, among which are:

  • Improper diet, which consists in the intake of fried, spicy and fatty foods in excess;
  • Alcohol abuse;
  • Great physical activity;
  • Severe hypothermia;
  • Various diseases that occur with reduced immunity.

To eliminate discomfort, medication is used, which should be prescribed by a doctor after the examination.


The majority of patients seek medical help at a time when an acute inflammatory process occurs. The reason for visiting a specialist is clear signs of cholecystitis, which appear in the form of severe pain in the abdomen.

The gastroenterologist begins the diagnosis by interviewing the patient. He finds out when the first symptoms began to appear, after which the patient needs to pass laboratory tests and be examined. If a person has an attack of severe pain, he needs urgent hospitalization, where an unscheduled operation can be performed.

Diagnosis of chronic cholecystitis is an ultrasound scan. When examining the abdominal cavity, a specialist identifies changes that occur in the gallbladder. This procedure allows you to determine the presence of stones or other formations.

Depending on the stage of inflammation, a specialist may prescribe more informative diagnostic methods. It may be necessary to undergo duodenal intubation and cholecystography, which will allow microscopic examination of the bile mass. The patient needs to undergo this examination at the polyclinic at the place of residence or in the inpatient department, where he is sent to undergo a course of therapy.


A person can hardly tolerate the symptoms that appear at the time of exacerbation of chronic cholecystitis.

The main cause of the onset of the disease is poor nutrition. The main factor that allows for effective treatment is adherence to the strictest diet.n The patient is prohibited from eating fried, fatty and spicy foods.

All foods that lead to inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract should be excluded from the diet.

The patient is advised to comply with bed rest, as well as abundant fluid intake. Carbonated and other drinks that lead to irritation of the intestinal wall are unacceptable.

Based on the results of the examination, the doctor prescribes treatment. It consists in the complex administration of medications, the action of which is aimed at relieving the inflammatory process in the gallbladder.

The most effective drugs to relieve the symptoms of cholecystitis include:

  • Antispasmodic drugs that can relieve spasms and prevent a new attack;
  • Medicines with analgesic effects;
  • Choleretic medicines;
  • Immunomodulatory drugs that stop the inflammatory process during the excretion of bile;
  • Antibacterial pharmaceutical agents that have a wide spectrum of action.

The two-week treatment allows the patient to feel signs of improving overall health. The course of therapy is a month. During this period, the symptoms of the manifestation of cholecystitis completely disappear and the functions of the gallbladder are restored. Effectiveness can be achieved only if all the doctor's recommendations are followed.

To prevent recurrence of a relapse, the patient must be fully treated. If this therapy was not effective and the desired results were not achieved, the patient is prescribed an operation to remove the gallbladder.

Home treatment

The principle of treating gastric diseases is based on the use of drugs, which are based on natural ingredients, and adherence to a diet. You can improve the work of the gallbladder with the help of various folk methods that will relieve pain.

Some formulations used in the treatment of gall inflammation contain bee honey. It has many properties that have a healing effect on the human body. But given that honey can cause an allergic reaction, its use should be treated with caution.

Using traditional home treatments, many patients experience significant relief. But without prior consultation with a specialist, the use of "grandmother's" recipes is unacceptable. There are many herbal recipes that have different properties.

With spasms

Spasms that bother the patient with inflammation of the gallbladder, healers recommend removing with decoctions of herbs. To prepare the product, a herbal collection is used, which includes plantain, chamomile, mint, dandelion, knotweed, birch leaves and nettle. The medicinal composition can be purchased at a homeopathic pharmacy or prepared yourself.

With diarrhea

In order to restore bowel function, you need to insist on medicinal herbs and take them throughout the day. Treatment is carried out with St. John's wort, mint, motherwort, immortelle.

For constipation

A person suffering from constipation can prepare an infusion of medicinal plants that have laxative properties. These include buckthorn bark, fennel fruits, and yarrow.

With inflammation

Anti-inflammatory drugs include the aloe flower. The juice of this plant has an antimicrobial effect and is widely used in folk medicine.

To improve the flow of bile

You can clear the ducts and increase the flow of bile by preparing a medicine from well-known vegetables. This will require freshly made juice from beets, cucumbers and carrots. Combining everything in one container, fresh lemon juice is added. The medicinal composition is recommended to be taken before eating food. It is also good to eat vegetables raw.

With gallstone disease

The formation of stones in the gallbladder gives a person many problems. A decoction made from the seeds of ordinary dill will help alleviate the condition.

When using any method of treating the inflammatory process of the gallbladder, we must not forget that proper nutrition is necessary to achieve the desired results. Each person should understand that having discovered the first signs of a disease, one cannot expect that it will go away on its own, it is better to consult a doctor in a timely manner.

Popular by topic