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Signs of pancreatitis in acute and chronic forms of the disease in women
Signs of pancreatitis in acute and chronic forms of the disease in women
Anonim

Pancreatitis is an inflammation of the pancreas of an acute or chronic nature, which leads to the death of the cells of this organ due to the self-digestion of the return enzymes of the pancreatic juice.

What are the signs of pancreatitis, the symptoms, where it hurts - more and more people are looking for answers to these questions, because over the past ten years, people suffer from pancreatitis three times more often than before. Symptoms of the disease depend on the severity of the inflammatory process and the degree of organ damage.

The main victims of acute pancreatitis (OP) are people who are prone to overeating, lovers of alcoholic beverages and fatty foods. The causes of chronic pancreatitis (CP) are diseases of the stomach and duodenum, as well as hereditary predisposition.

What are the signs of acute pancreatitis in women and where does it hurt?

Symptoms of acute pancreatitis are often confused with those of a stomach ulcer. The identity of the nature of the pain often complicates the diagnosis. Women are more susceptible to this disease than men, and constitute the main risk group.

The pancreas has a digestive and endocrine function. On the one hand, this organ produces food enzymes that facilitate the absorption of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. On the other hand, it produces insulin, on which the body's metabolism depends. Under the influence of improper nutrition and bad habits, disturbances in the work of the pancreas occur, which lead to inflammation of the organ.

The symptoms of OP are similar to those of severe poisoning. Once in the blood, food enzymes of the pancreas cause general intoxication of the body. The combination of vomiting with abdominal pain is a sign of acute pancreatitis. Severe vomiting after eating, which does not bring relief to the patient, is the main symptom of an inflammatory process in the pancreas.

In the medical literature, the following signs of acute pancreatitis are distinguished:

  • Girdle pain in the upper abdomen. The pain is sharp, cutting in nature. The localization of pain depends on which part of the pancreas was affected. If there are problems with the head, the pain radiates to the right hypochondrium and upper abdomen. In case of damage to the tail and body of the pancreas, the pain is localized under the left rib and in the back. When the inflammatory process affects the entire organ, the pain is girdle and persistent. If medical assistance is not provided in a timely manner, the patient may experience painful shock;
  • Nausea, repeated vomiting of bile. This symptom occurs after eating junk food. Severe and painful vomiting, as a rule, does not bring relief to the patient. The urge to vomit may appear even after he drinks some water. It should be noted that with OP, vomiting does not contain food in the intestines;
  • Diarrhea. The patient's stool is liquid and frothy. As a rule, dyspeptic symptoms appear at the very beginning of the disease after eating smoked, spicy, fatty foods, tomatoes, mushrooms, honey and alcoholic beverages. There are situations when the trigger for the development of a pathological process is the intake of certain drugs - antibiotics, sulfonamides, cytostatics;
  • Constipation, flatulence. These symptoms are also the first signal of an onset of an attack of AP;
  • Severe pain on palpation of the abdomen. Pain sensations increase with deep palpation;
  • Dehydration. There are three degrees of dehydration, each with its own characteristics. In the first degree, a person loses up to three percent of body weight. The second degree of dehydration is characterized by a loss of up to five percent of weight. At the same time, there is a strong thirst, the elasticity of the skin decreases and the pulse quickens. The third degree of dehydration is manifested by a decrease in blood pressure, heart rhythm disturbances, and loss of consciousness. In this condition, the patient loses up to nine percent of body weight;
  • Pallor of the skin. The patient's skin becomes earthy and moist;
  • Brittle nails, vitamin deficiency, dry skin;
  • High body temperature. Doctors note the following pattern: the higher the temperature, the more the pancreas is affected;
  • Hiccups, belching, dry mouth;
  • Dyspnea;
  • Lack of appetite;
  • Sharpening of facial features. This symptom is a consequence of dehydration of the body;
  • Bloating. Since the intestines and stomach do not contract during an attack of OP, upon examination, the surgeon detects severe bloating;
  • Violation of blood microcirculation. This symptom is manifested by the formation of bluish spots around the navel and on the back;
  • Leukocytosis, increased levels of pancreatic enzymes in urine and blood;
  • Yellowness of the skin. Obstructive jaundice is a complication of pancreatitis;
  • Yellow coating on the tongue;
  • Tachycardia, decreased blood pressure.

When these signs appear, the patient must be taken to the surgical department of the hospital. Complications of acute pancreatitis are shock standing, respiratory and renal failure.

Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis in women

Most researchers in the field of medicine believe that a distinctive symptom of CP is that after treatment and elimination of provoking factors, the disease not only does not recede, but continues to progress.

The initial period of CP can last for years and manifest itself either by an exacerbation of symptoms, or by their subsiding. In the later stages of the disease, signs of pancreatic inflammation constantly bother a person.

The first sign of CP is pain in the upper abdomen, which occurs thirty minutes after eating. The same parts of the body hurt as in the acute form.

In some cases, the pain is localized in the chest and lumbar region. Pain is reduced when the person bends forward while sitting.

As a rule, abdominal pain in chronic pancreatitis occurs after drinking alcoholic or carbonated drinks, fatty foods, as well as coffee and chocolate. A deterioration in general well-being is observed with the simultaneous intake of a large number of dishes, for example, during a festive feast.

The pancreas is unable to cope with different types of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Therefore, people who follow the rules of separate nutrition rarely suffer from pancreatic ailments.

With chronic inflammation, such dyspeptic disorders appear:

  • nausea;
  • bloating;
  • heartburn;
  • belching;
  • diarrhea;
  • rumbling in the stomach;
  • unpleasant taste in the mouth.

After treatment, pain and dyspeptic symptoms disappear. At the same time, the pancreas continues to perform its function of producing food enzymes. However, after the next overeating or the use of prohibited foods, the disease will again make itself felt.

With the long-term existence of CP, the production of food enzymes decreases, which leads to pancreatic insufficiency. Upper abdominal pain may be absent or mild, and dyspepsia becomes the predominant symptom. Also, with CP, there is a slight yellowness of the skin. Typically, the disease results in significant weight loss. Diabetes mellitus can develop in the later stages of pancreatitis.

At the first symptoms of OP - severity in the left side, nausea, vomiting and girdle pain - it is important to consult a surgeon in time. To relieve an acute attack, the patient is admitted to the surgical department of the hospital. With CP without exacerbation, a visit to a therapist will be quite reasonable.

Treatment of pancreatitis is carried out both on an outpatient and inpatient basis.

During the recovery period of the pancreas, a strict diet must be observed, and if painful sensations appear in the digestive tract, seek medical help. Take care of yourself, and you will never have to think about where the pancreas hurts!

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