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Rotavirus Diet - What Can an Adult Eat?
Rotavirus Diet - What Can an Adult Eat?

Rotavirus infection is called an acute infectious pathology, the causative agent of which is RNA-rotavirus. The disease is quite common on a global scale and dangerous. A quarter of a million people carry the infection each year.

About 900 thousand cases are fatal.

This accounts for more than 25% of all deaths, one of the main symptoms of which is diarrhea. In Russia, out of two million sick and with a pathology caused by an intestinal infection, about fifteen percent suffer from rotavirus infection or the so-called intestinal flu. The causative agents of the pathology are microorganisms from the Reoviridae family, belonging to the genus Rotavirus.

They got this name because of the similarity with a wheel, which can be viewed under a high-precision electron microscope.

Rotavirus, diet for which is very important, develops only in the human body, and then is excreted along with feces. It is transmitted by the fecal-oral route. Although scientists suspect a possible respiratory infection. Pathogens of pathology most often choose the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract in both adults and children as their location. Their parasitism provokes the death of mature cells of the small intestine, which contributes to the development of osmotic diarrhea.

To diagnose pathology, laboratory analyzes of feces are performed, using immunofluorescent or other methods. At the same time, it is important to single out the causative agents of rotavirus infection from a large number of similar ones, among which are microorganisms that cause cholera, dysentery or escherichiosis. It is unacceptable to confuse the infection in question with salmonellosis and a number of other intestinal diseases of the same nature.

Once in the body, the pathogen "takes root", and at least fifteen hours later, and makes itself felt. The incubation period can be up to two days, which is quite common. In adults, acute symptoms of a pathological condition are observed, which has a rapid, in one day, the formation of a complete clinical picture. Revealed by epigastric pain with bouts of nausea, ending with a gag reflex.

A concomitant diagnosis is often rhinitis. Hyperemic spots are observed in the oral cavity, the lymph nodes on the neck are enlarged. But the main symptoms are signs of damage to the digestive system, which is manifested by the presence of a certain pungent smell of stool, there are cases when their color changes to a dull whitish and frequent with a strong rumbling sound in the abdomen.

Very often, rotavirus infection in adults is regarded as a banal food poisoning, and in a mild form, since the symptoms are not pronounced. Such patients are dangerous to others, since they are carriers and distributors of pathogens. It is also important that within a few days, or rather a working week, everyone who is near the infected person gets sick.

Nutritional features for rotavirus in adults

There is no direct cure for rotavirus infection. The drug therapy prescribed by specialists only relieves the symptoms of the disease. But full recovery is possible and the body must cope with this task on its own. To help him, a diet for rotavirus in adults with certain rules and preferences in the menu.

Proper nutrition with rotavirus is an important component of a successful recovery. All biologically important elements that enter the body with food are helpers for the immune system in its fight against the developing virus. Also, these microscopic bricks will be replaced by tissues destroyed by the vital activity of the virus in the body.

But for this he needs help, since a full-fledged digestive process is impossible in the presence of rotavirus infection. And reducing food intake to twenty percent is one of the main points. In addition, you can only eat easily digestible foods that can be the best medicine.

So, the use of cereals, which have a fastening and astringent effect, helps to prevent diarrhea. Thanks to the lactobacilli found in fermented milk products, the spread of pathogenic flora is suppressed. And, using various compotes and decoctions of herbs, you can provide the amount of liquid and trace elements necessary for the body. Nutrition for rotavirus in adults and children should be present, but only those foods that will help in recovery should be eaten.

What can an adult eat with rotavirus?

An unequivocal answer to this question and adherence to a certain diet will be the beginning of the path to recovery. As mentioned above, the onset of the pathology is acute and during the first time, which lasts up to four days, the infected person is accompanied by severe nausea, endless vomiting, and there may also be diarrhea. It is clear that in order to prevent the provocation of these symptoms, you need to eat less, although in general there is no appetite, as a rule, during this period.

Eating for rotavirus infection in adults should be frequent, up to six times a day, and preferably in small portions. Well suited for the acute period, rice or semolina porridge cooked in water. Having certain properties, they give a bonding and enveloping effect. At the same time, it is recommended to cook them liquid and eat without adding butter, not to salt or sweeten.

This menu is recommended for two days. If the condition improves, then you can switch to the use of buckwheat, oatmeal or corn porridge.

It is also important to consider that the use of vegetable and butter is not advisable. So, the first helps to stimulate peristalsis. What causes an exacerbation of diarrhea, and the second is poorly processed, since viruses negatively affect the secretion of special enzymes.

After several days of such a diet, nutrition is enhanced by the addition of lean boiled meat. The best options would be rabbit, turkey. You can include chicken breast and veal in the diet. To simplify the digestion process with these products, it is better to cook cutlets, meatballs or meatballs.

Lean sea fish can also be consumed. In the menu for rotavirus in the acute phase, it is also recommended to eat crackers, for the preparation of which white or gray bread was used, as well as biscuit and other unsweetened dry biscuits.

The next step in the diet for rotavirus infection in adults is the addition of eggs cooked in the form of steam omelets or hard-boiled eggs to the diet of a sick person. But no more than two in a week. You can also expand your diet with vegetables and fruits. It is better to use them for people with this pathology in a boiled or baked form. Very useful is mashed potatoes in water, zucchini and carrots. Cauliflower and broccoli will do the trick.

Also, drink must be introduced into the diet. Already from the first days of the disease with rotavirus infection, it is necessary to consume a sufficient amount of water. And after the improvements, you can add herbal decoctions, dried fruit compotes, jelly and weak tea. Already, starting from the fourth day, it is necessary to drink kefir and yoghurts, since they contribute to the normalization of the intestinal microflora, stabilize its acidity.

Drinking tea with ginger will help you get rid of the bouts of nausea. This is a list of foods to eat for rotavirus infections. This diet is complete and has a good healing effect. It is important to withstand it not only during the course of the pathology, but also after, for two weeks.

What is prohibited after rotavirus?

Diet for rotavirus infection does not recommend and prohibits the use of

  1. fatty meat and fish;
  2. homemade milk is also contraindicated;
  3. fresh vegetables and fruits.
  4. do not burden the body with smoked and pickled foods;
  5. strong tea and coffee, as well as chocolate and other sweets are prohibited.

All of the above products contribute to fermentation and decay in the digestive tract, provoke diarrhea.

A diet after rotavirus infection is also desirable, but you can return to a normal diet, although you should not abuse foods that are harmful to the body so as not to cause a relapse.

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