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Signs of baldness in men and women
Signs of baldness in men and women
Anonim

Hair loss affects women and men in different ways. Women have a hard time losing their hair, withdraw into themselves, they develop neuroses and complexes. Men, on the other hand, are more relaxed about the problem. They get upset, but then, realizing that nothing can be done, they calm down.

If you take up the treatment in time and accurately establish the causes of baldness, then the process of weakening the hair follicles can be slowed down.

Causes of alopecia

The quality of hair is influenced by various factors and the most important of them is heredity. It is difficult to expect a thick head of hair in a baby whose parents have thin hair, and whose dad also has bald patches from an early age.

In addition to a genetic predisposition, the condition of the hair follicles is influenced by:

  • diseases associated with the work of peripheral vessels;
  • metabolic and lipid metabolism disorders;
  • lack of nutrients due to an insufficiently balanced diet;
  • age-related changes.

Baldness progresses when several factors coincide.

The first signs of baldness

Signs of male pattern baldness

Male alopecia can be classified according to the area where the receding hairline appears.

Androgenic alopecia - or hereditary - is the most common cause of hair thinning. At first, bald patches form around the parting in the frontotemporal region. Individual hairs become weak, break off, recede from the hairline. Then the hair thinns already at the top of the head, falls out, the skin becomes smooth, a bald spot appears. In the end, the frontotemporal and parietal bald patches merge.

Signs of hair loss with telogen alopecia.

Thinning can begin in any area of the head, the hair thinns significantly, the keratin shafts become thinner. The strands can completely fall out within 1-2 months.

The condition occurs when taking certain medications, during a sharp decrease in the immune status in infectious diseases or after surgery. This type of alopecia can cause sleep deprivation, malnutrition and intense emotional distress.

In the latter case, the hair follicles are not weakened by a cut after stress, but after 4-6 months. The person has already tried to forget about the unpleasant situation, but the subcortex has been deposited and the body is “distracted” in a similar way, reacting with a violation of metabolic processes.

Anagenic diffuse alopecia can cause complete hair loss. It starts abruptly, but in most cases it can be stopped if the hair follicles are intact.

It can be provoked by:

  • treatment of oncological diseases;
  • intoxication.

Other types of alopecia are also distinguished:

  1. Traumatic. Most often, it is caused by the people themselves. Hair follicles wear off when wearing wigs, corsets and various accessories. This happens to artists who, making up, must hide their hair under the linings, and even fix them with chemical means.
  2. Focal. Its causes are still poorly understood. There is a theory that it is provoked by damage to the follicles. In this case, the hair can fall out in even circles, these bald spots are formed both on the head and on the body and face - eyebrows, temples, in men on the beard zone.
  3. Cicatricial. The hair follicles were damaged after wounds and burns, when the epithelial layer of the dermis was replaced with connective (scar) tissue.

Male pattern baldness can be classified into stages.

Hair, when moving from one to another, recedes from the growth line.

  1. Partings increase, along their edges the strands become thin, break off above the root.
  2. There is a bald spot on the top of the head, in the parting area the hair has already completely fallen out.
  3. A pronounced bald patch appears on the head in the parietal region, individual bald patches merge.
  4. Bald patches are formed in the occipital region, slowly rise to the crown, up.
  5. The hairline remains only behind the ears, thinning significantly at the back of the head.
  6. The side splash goes down to the neck. At this stage, baldness usually stops, but hair loss can also continue. The head becomes like a billiard ball.

Modern men do not wait for stage 3 alopecia. Nowadays there is a fashion for "masculine" appearance. They start shaving their heads as soon as bald spots appear over the forehead.

If vitamin deficiency was the cause of alopecia, then with a change in diet and - having received rest - the hair follicles can restore their functions.

Alopecia in women

Signs of female pattern baldness differ significantly from male pattern baldness. They are characterized by gradual baldness - the hair thins relatively slowly, the keratin rods become thinner, begin to break off, in their place, vellus hair first grows, and then bald spots appear.

The following types of baldness can be distinguished.

  1. Androgenic, caused by a genetic factor. True, there are no pronounced temporo-frontal bald patches, small bald patches appear - the skin is translucent in places, bald patches are formed, covered with a delicate weak fluff, which subsequently also falls out. In other places, the hair is also thinning. After a few years, total baldness may occur.
  2. Diffuse baldness - a bald spot appears on the head in the form of a strip or a round area, usually in the parting area. At the same time, the thinning of the hair begins on the entire hair growth zone. Treatment should be started at the first stage of baldness, when hair remains on the comb - more than 120 pieces per day, and the size of the partings visually increases.
  3. Baldness of the nest type.

This condition is classified into the following types:

  • Clipping - minor hair loss - at the temples or crown. Hair in some areas becomes less common, but bald spots are not formed, keratin rods break off at the roots.
  • Marginal - hair follicles fall out along the edges of the hair zone, hair rises, opening the line of the neck and receding from the forehead. In the initial stage, women acquire a "noble" appearance, as in Botticelli's paintings - a delicate neck is exposed.
  • Total - foci of alopecia appear all over the head, subsequently merging. In this case, hair follicles fall out not only on the head, but also eyebrows and eyelashes. Losses begin with the thinning of the keratin rods, then - after the change - they grow only to a certain length, long curls - even with the use of home remedies - cannot be grown.

The only thing that "helps" women is that - unlike men - they rarely have total alopecia proceeds quickly - only with intoxication of the body. In addition, women are more attentive to changes in appearance than men. As soon as they notice a thinning of the nail plate, they already seek medical help.

Since thinning hair causes serious emotional distress for women, very often concomitant diseases have to be treated with alopecia: mixed vegetative-vascular dystonia and neurotic syndrome, the symptoms of which are insomnia, irritation, and constant tearfulness.

Hair loss treatment

True androgenic alopecia cannot be stopped with home remedies or expensive pharmaceutical preparations. In this case, it is possible to restore the vegetation only by a radical method - a hair transplant operation.

In other cases, you can try to solve the problem by turning to official medicine. Hair is dealt with by dermatologists and trichologists - doctors of the latter specialty are rarely on the staff of the hospital, more often they consult in beauty parlors.

You will have to pass a lot of tests:

  • hormones;
  • on the level of iron in the blood;
  • thyroid function;
  • analysis for vitamin deficiency;
  • RW analysis - test for syphilis;
  • determination of the strength of hair follicles and their number per square centimeter of the skin.

Treatment is prescribed on an individual basis.

Physiotherapy can be used:

  • mesotherapy - injections into the scalp;
  • laser treatment;
  • biocapillary recovery;
  • prescribe a vitamin and mineral complex that replenishes the deficiency of nutrients.

It is possible to restore the hairline only with a timely visit to a doctor. Hair growth resumes only at the stage until the hair follicles atrophy.

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