Table of contents:
2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
Those who want to lighten their hair should understand that absolutely harmless dyes and products do not exist. Without changing the structure, it is impossible to make the hair lighter, and any intrusion into organic matter is fraught with a violation of cellular structures - this does not pass without a trace.
Even an absolutely natural, gentle, home remedy dries keratin rods to "kill" melanin, and chemical components act on it, invading deep into the hair.
Therefore, the question when choosing a lightening method always stands - how to lighten hair, causing minimal harm, and if they promise lightening and strengthening at the same time, they deceive in advance. Such masters should not be trusted.
How to lighten hair without harm: useful tips
In order to protect the hair as much as possible, before the procedure, its condition should be analyzed: quality and color. If the hair has been lightened or recently colored, and the strands are dry or brittle, then you should moderate the desire and first heal them with the help of cosmetic or home remedies: masks and balms.
It is advisable to prepare for hair lightening 2-3 weeks in advance, regardless of the quality of the curls. An additional nourishment is most effectively provided by masks made of vegetable oils - olive, castor, burdock, almond, nettle - which are applied to the roots and curls.
The masks are kept for about an hour, then washed off with shampoo. Preventive course - 1 mask per week. To enhance the effect of the active components of life-giving oils, essential oils - ylan-ylang, rosemary, lemon, fir, cedar - are added to them as activators - 4 drops per tablespoon of base oil.
If chemical dyes are chosen for lightening the hair, then cream paint or bleaching powder acts more carefully. These funds can simultaneously tone and brighten - depending on the method of use, but they are not able to completely destroy melanin. Hair becomes lighter in several tones, but it is impossible to turn into a blonde.
The most gentle and expensive hair clarifier in violation of the dyeing technology can cause irreversible harm, therefore, before applying the dye to the hair, you should read the instructions.
But there are general rules that should be followed when using industrial cosmetics.
- The paint is applied to the "dirty" hair. After washing, at least 3-4 days should pass;
- You should not moisten the hair before painting;
- When using hydrogen peroxide, the concentration of the solution depends on the density of the strands. Soft lungs - from 3 to 6%, dense elastic - up to 8%;
- If it did not work out to the desired result at one time, the procedure is repeated after a few days, adhering to the same rules;
- The coloring composition is applied from the back of the head;
- You should not cover your head with plastic wrap during radical lightening, if the effect on the hair follicles is increased, they will simply die off and the curls will remain in the container in which the paint is washed off.
After clarification, the main harm should be neutralized, for this, after removing the paint, the strands are rinsed with acidified water: for 1 liter of water - 3 tablespoons of lemon juice or 1 apple cider vinegar.
After 2-3 days, you need to start making nourishing masks.
For blonde hair, highlighting will help to lighten hair without harm to hair. It is better to spend it in salon conditions. Partially lightened hair "plays" with all colors, looks more voluminous, and since the structure is not broken in all strands, there are practically no problems with restoration.
Brunettes should also contact the salon - the procedure at home is likely to disappoint - the curls will acquire a yellowish or straw tint, which will still be impossible to remove without contacting an experienced master.
When dyeing overgrown roots, honey should be added to the coloring agent.
To lighten 1-2 tones, it is better to use tonics or brightening shampoos - they do less harm than permanent paints with hydrogen peroxide or ammonia.
Nowadays, light tips are in vogue - this color is called ombre. This is a more gentle method than all other painting methods - the damaged ends are cut off, the aesthetics of the appearance is preserved. To give this effect, you should comb the ends of the curls with a fine comb, on which a layer of paint was applied. It is advisable to wrap the ends in foil after the procedure.
If the result is not satisfactory, then it is easy to get rid of the stained ends, or paint over in a similar way. If you want to lighten by 1 or 2 tones, and it's a pity to spoil your hair, you should remember the folk methods.
Folk remedies for gentle lightening
The most common way of lightening with folk remedies is with chamomile
It is impossible to achieve the result right away, but if you apply a strong solution of plant raw materials regularly, then within 3-4 months even dark brown-haired women can get a lighter tone.
A strong infusion is insisted - 4 tablespoons per glass of boiling water, the color should turn out to be dark. Then the liquid is filtered, diluted with 1-1, 5 liters of water, and after each shampooing the hair is soaked in it - no need to rinse;
Fair-haired women can become spectacular blondes with iridescent strands - as after
highlighting - with lemon juice. This primitive clarifier is distributed evenly over the entire length after shampooing and dried under the influence of natural ultraviolet radiation - that is, in the sun.
Lemon juice dries hair, this should be taken into account. If the quality of the hair is problematic, then after the procedure for several days, you should comb the curls, first dropping a few drops of almond oil on the comb.
It will turn out to neutralize the harmful effect of citric acid by diluting the juice with water - proportions 1/3. In this case, it is convenient to distribute the product over the strands using a spray bottle. Of course, the effect will weaken, and you will have to repeat the treatment 3-4 times;
Light beer works similarly to lemon
Fresh honey helps to remove 2-3 tones. First, wash your hair with shampoo, in which a teaspoon of baking soda was added. Then honey is applied along the entire length to damp hair and kept overnight under a film. This method will help dark-haired women acquire a light-brown color, with fair-haired curls it will color the curls in blonde honey;
The safest clarification is carried out with kefir
Disadvantages of the method:
- you have to keep the coloring composition on your head for a very long time - up to 10 hours;
- there is a possibility that the hair in the area of the roots will be repaired and the follicles will weaken.
To neutralize the harmful effects, the polyethylene should be periodically removed, and the strands should be sorted out - this helps to cool the roots.
- egg yolk;
- a quarter glass of kefir;
- juice from half a lemon;
- cognac - 40 grams.
The ingredients are mixed and applied to wet, clean hair. Wash off without the use of alkali detergents.
If it is difficult to remove the "paint", you can foam another yolk and apply to the head. Colorless henna is sold to lighten hair.
This coloring agent is also natural, like ordinary henna, only it is made not from the leaves of lawsonia, but from the stems of this plant.
The dyeing procedure is carried out as when applying conventional henna. After removing the coloring agent, it is advisable to rinse with acidified water. You should not immediately use industrial paints if you want to lighten by 1-2 tones - in this case, it is advisable to opt for folk remedies.
If it is decided to change the image radically, you will not be able to do without paints containing ammonia or hydrogen peroxide. In these cases, it is imperative to carry out preparation in order to maintain the structure and quality of the hair.