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Critical days after hysteroscopy
Critical days after hysteroscopy

As a rule, menstruation after hysteroscopy, in terms of the number of days and the abundance of bloody discharge, almost do not differ from the critical days before treatment. The procedure allows you to diagnose abnormalities in the development of the uterus, as well as remove pathological changes in the endometrium (fibroids, polyps).

In this article, we will consider the possible consequences of performing a hysteroscopy and its effect on a woman's menstrual cycle.

What is the essence of hysteroscopy?

The procedure is done both for diagnostic purposes and for the treatment of certain types of diseases:

  • Diagnostics. Through examination, the gynecologist can collect all the necessary information about the state of the uterus and ovaries for a more accurate diagnosis. Thanks to this procedure, it is possible to establish the presence of adhesions, growths of the endometrium, fibroids, etc.;
  • Treatment. Operative hysteroscopy consists in carrying out measures to dissect the septa in the uterus, which allows to remove overgrown polyps, tumors, growths and adhesions.

Reasons for performing a hysteroscopy

When is hysteroscopy usually done: before menstruation or after?

As a rule, the procedure is performed after critical days have passed. It is painful, so the recovery period can take a week or two. But this time is quite enough for the body to completely "come to its senses".

Hysteroscopy of the uterus is performed in the presence of the following symptoms:

  1. Uterine bleeding;
  2. Menstrual irregularities (heavy or light bleeding);
  3. Miscarriage (spontaneous abortion);
  4. Inability to get pregnant without any objective or apparent reason.

When is the procedure scheduled?

Most often, diagnosis and treatment using this method is prescribed by specialists if such types of gynecological diseases are suspected:

  • Improper formation of the uterus: underdevelopment, the presence of septa, two-horned organ;
  • Adenomyosis. The disease is characterized by the proliferation of the endometrium in the muscular layers of the uterus;
  • Myomas. Tumor neoplasms (benign);
  • Uterine cancer. These are malignant tumors that form in the endometrium;
  • Polyps. Indiscriminate division of endometrial cells, leading to its proliferation.

How does hysteroscopy affect critical days?

  1. Menstruation after hysteroscopy with a curettage procedure in duration, as well as the abundance of discharge, may differ slightly from menstruation before treatment.
  2. Often, women notice a small shift in the beginning of the critical days themselves. The first menstruation usually begins 25-30 days after curettage.

Ideally, the removal of fibroids and other neoplasms in the uterus is done 6 days after the start of the critical days. And since the recovery period does not exceed a half month, by the beginning of the next menstruation, the woman's health should already be normalized.

The nature of bloody discharge after brushing

Experts note that a short-term increase or decrease in the volume of discharge after diagnostic cleaning is not a cause for concern. Often, heavy and relatively painful periods after hysteroscopy are noted for another two months after treatment. In addition, the number of critical days may change temporarily.

In some cases, there are also delays in menstruation in the period after hysteroscopy. This is due to the hormonal imbalance that occurs after diagnostic cleansing.

Typical manifestations of the posthysteroscopic period:

  • Lean and profuse bleeding;
  • Shift in the menstrual cycle;
  • Delay of critical days;
  • Thicker and darker discharge.

If during her period a woman has to change the pad more often than once every 3 hours, this can lead to quite serious blood loss. Therefore, gynecologists recommend immediately contacting a specialist. This condition leads to a strong drop in hemoglobin levels and blood pressure.

Possible complications

Delay and abundant discharge are far from the only possible consequences of diagnostic cleaning of the uterine cavity.

Often, complications are not observed, but in case of violation of the rehabilitation rules, unprofessional performance of the procedure and individual characteristics of the body, the following types of complications may occur:

  1. Perforation of the walls of the uterus. With a strong violation of the tactics of hysteroscopy, it is possible to break through the uterine walls. Perforation usually manifests itself as severe abdominal cramps, physical weakness, dizziness, and decreased pressure. Immediate surgery may be required to resolve the problem;
  2. Uterine bleeding. Many patients in the posthysteroscopic period have scanty periods that last no more than three days. If blood is released from the vagina in large volumes and longer than the prescribed period, it is worth contacting a specialist;
  3. Endometritis. Sometimes pathogenic microorganisms are introduced into the uterine cavity with a hysteroscope. This leads to inflammatory processes in the endometrium, characterized by abdominal cuts, a sharp rise in temperature, as well as purulent and unpleasant odor discharge.

Critical days after laparoscopy

  • Laparoscopy is one of the minimally invasive surgical interventions in case of detection of adhesions, benign and malignant tumors, as well as acute gynecological ailments.
  • This technique allows you to carry out a preliminary examination of the state of the uterus, take tissue samples for biopsy and remove neoplasms.
  • In 90% of cases, women who have undergone laparoscopy do not experience any complications.

The procedure is prescribed approximately on the 7th day of the cycle, which allows the body to recover even before the start of the next critical days.

Menstruation after laparoscopy

Laparoscopy is one of the most painless and safe methods of gynecological diagnostics and surgical treatment. Within a couple of weeks after treatment, women resume physical activity and at the same time do not experience strong changes in the course of menstruation.

And yet, in some situations after laparoscopy, some "transformations" of the state of the body can be observed, namely:

  1. Cycle shift. Since the body experiences severe stress during laparoscopy, this can affect the duration of the menstrual cycle;
  2. Delay of menstruation. It occurs most often due to the effects of anesthesia and stress. Normally, the delay can be two to three weeks;
  3. Mucous discharge. They can show up immediately after surgery. They often go away as early as three weeks after the laparoscopy. Bloody discharge should not have a pungent odor and brownish tint.

In very rare situations, menstruation after laparoscopy and hysteroscopy can start later, go longer and with a large volume of discharge. However, in the presence of severe blood loss, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor, because such a condition is fraught with disastrous consequences.

Take care of yourself and your health!

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