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Cystitis after intercourse in women
Cystitis after intercourse in women

Postcoital bladder inflammation caused by the penetration of pathogenic microorganisms is much more common for women than for men.

This is due to the structure of the urethra of women and the technique of coitus. The urethra is short and wide, and with reciprocating movements, pathogenic microorganisms easily enter it - that is, the disease is brought in from the outside by an ascending route.

Postcoital cystitis significantly reduces the quality of life, makes them avoid sensual pleasure, which is an important part of family life, and avoid intimacy with loved ones.

Is it possible to cure postcoital cystitis at home and how to avoid a constant exacerbation of the disease? What can you do to improve your quality of life?

Why do women get postcoital cystitis?

The following reasons for the appearance of cystitis after intercourse can be distinguished.

  1. Congenital anomaly of the urethra - insufficient fixation by the ligamentous apparatus, or displacement from the intended place. During coitus, the mucous membrane is subjected to mechanical stress, irritated, and inflammation begins. Pathogenic microorganisms rise upward.
  2. Bacterial vaginitis or vulvovaginitis - the infection rises higher due to the proximity technique.
  3. A hormonal imbalance that has caused a decrease in the production of lubricating secretions.
  4. The use of local chemical contraceptives. They disrupt the balance of the vaginal flora.
  5. Even in healthy partners, mixing flora can cause an inflammatory process in women - sometimes partners love each other, and the flora of the intimate zone is incompatible.

The urine in the bladder is sterile, but when an infection is introduced into it, the inflammatory process immediately begins. It can be caused by streptococci, staphylococci, Trichomonas, gonococci, Escherichia coli. Sexually transmitted infections and poor personal hygiene are the most common causes of cystitis after intimacy.

Symptoms of postcoital cystitis

Symptoms of the inflammatory process of the bladder, exacerbated after intercourse, are no different from the usual signs of cystitis.

These include:

  • increased urge to urinate;
  • burning, soreness and pain during urination;
  • a constant feeling of fullness in the bladder;
  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • a slight increase in body temperature.

All these unpleasant sensations can appear immediately after coitus or during the day. They can be eliminated at home by taking antibacterial drugs and antispasmodics, but in this case, the disease will become chronic and it will be much more difficult to completely recover.

Diagnosis of the disease

Treatment of cystitis that occurs after intercourse begins with finding out the causes of the disease. The patient will have to undergo a complete examination of the genitourinary sphere - urological and gynecological.

Take a smear for microflora and urine tests - for microflora and culture; do ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder. An examination by a gynecologist and possibly a urologist is required to find out how the urethra is located in relation to the vagina, whether it is securely fixed by the ligamentous apparatus.

If an anatomical abnormality is found, hospitalization may be required for surgery. In other cases, conservative therapeutic measures are carried out.

How to treat postcoital cystitis

  1. When pain appears after intercourse, you need to immediately eliminate the discomfort. A warm heating pad helps to do this - it is not recommended to keep it for a long time, or the usual painkillers - "No-shpa", "Spazmolgon", even "Analgin".
  2. After finding out the causes of cystitis, antibacterial drugs are most often prescribed.
  3. In some cases, the doctor decides to use a wide range of antibiotics.

The therapeutic course should be continued until the end, if it is interrupted, when the painful symptoms are eliminated, the disease can take on a chronic form and the condition will be much more severe the next time.

The doctor should prescribe medications, which will be used to treat postcoital cystitis in each case. It is not worth choosing funds on your own - this is a very crucial stage. If the symptoms are mild, then the doctor may advise taking antibiotics in small doses after each coitus - in this case, you will need to choose drugs that have a minimal adverse effect on the rest of the body's systems, which do not disturb the balance of natural microflora in the gastrointestinal tract and vagina.

Many women try to cure cystitis with herbs. Folk remedies with a bactericidal and diuretic effect contribute to the rapid cleansing of the bladder from pathogenic microorganisms. However, they are not able to completely eliminate the inflammatory process, and can only be used as auxiliary drugs.

In order to accelerate recovery, it is advisable to apply:

  • bearberry;
  • oregano;
  • mint;
  • corn silk;
  • cranberry juice;
  • lingonberry leaves.

Is sexual rest necessary during the treatment of the disease?

If the disease is caused by sexually transmitted infections, then it is necessary. Moreover, both partners should be treated, even when the man does not have any symptoms.

With therapeutic measures, sex is not contraindicated when the causes of the disease are not sexually transmitted infections. However, you should know that sexual activity will significantly postpone recovery, since irritation of the edge of the urethral mucosa cannot be avoided.

When eliminating the exacerbation, you can have sex, but you should not get carried away with the process and limit yourself to traditional positions. At this time, increased attention is required to be paid to personal hygiene and to empty the bladder before and after intercourse.

It is very important to choose a position in which there will be no mechanical effect on the urethra.

If the onset of the disease is due to the anatomical structure of the partner's genitals, then it is impossible to get rid of the relapse. In this case, you need to consult with your doctor how you can protect yourself from frequent inflammation, and constantly prevent postcoital cystitis.

Prevention of exacerbation of cystitis that occurs after intercourse

Women who do not have a permanent partner who are in an active search need to pay great attention to their gynecological health.

  1. Each person has his own unique flora, and the frequent introduction - albeit useful - but microorganisms of different quality, can lead to an imbalance and an increase in the activity of opportunistic microorganisms. Therefore, it is advisable to protect yourself with barrier methods - condoms.
  2. In case of an exacerbation of the disease caused by a decrease in the immune status due to various diseases or hypothermia, a condom should be used with a regular partner.
  3. It is necessary to strictly monitor personal hygiene, wash hands and genitals before and after having sex.
  4. You should not get carried away and fantasize if relapses occur frequently. In no case should you alternate between vaginal and anal sex - even in a state of remission. Absolutely healthy partners should also use condoms during such experiments.
  5. You can not suppress the desire to urinate, before coitus, and after it, emptying the bladder is required. Urination after intercourse is a kind of disinfection. In a healthy person, urine is sterile, and the pathogenic flora is washed off before it can penetrate.

Not everyone knows that the classic missionary position can irritate the urethra. Increase the risk of postcoital cystitis and other face-to-face poses, since during them the female genital organs are maximally stimulated.

The resistance of the urinary tract to the introduction of pathogenic bacteria increases with an increase in the immune status. Immunostimulating drugs and vitamin-mineral complexes help to strengthen it.

You should not agree to sex if there are already signs of an inflammatory process. It won't be fun. If you respect yourself and take care of your own body, the unpleasant consequences of intimacy can be avoided.

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