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Why does a baby get a rash on his bottom?
Why does a baby get a rash on his bottom?

The child's body is the most delicate, it is highly susceptible to adverse factors, therefore it is often attacked by various bacteria, microbes and viruses.

A common reaction of the child's body to microbes is all sorts of rashes that occur on the hips and buttocks of the baby.

The appearance of rashes on the baby's bottom is a common occurrence, many mothers often encounter it. Rashes can be in the form of pimples, blisters, edema on the surface of the skin.

Irritation on the priest gives the baby discomfort, and makes mothers nervous about the health of their child.

However, rashes may not always indicate the presence of serious diseases inside the body. Often such a problem appears due to insufficient care of the child, non-observance of his hygiene, errors in his nutrition.

Rash on the buttocks in a small child, the main reasons for its appearance

1. Rare replacement of diapers

When a child is in the same diaper for a long time, which is already full, diaper rash appears on his buttocks, the skin becomes inflamed, and redness appears on it. It so happens that not all brands of diapers are suitable for a baby.

2. Overheating of the body

Pimples can occur if a child is in a room for a long time, where the humidity and air temperature are very high. They can be not only on the priest, but appear on the legs, arms, face. Overheating of the body often gives prickly heat, and this, in turn, causes irritation on the butt and hips.

3. Dermatitis

It can be observed in newborn babies when they are wrapped in diapers. The skin of a baby in tightly tightened diapers practically does not breathe, and after all, newborn babies often pee, therefore, the appearance of irritation on the priest in this case is quite frequent;

4. Allergy, diathesis

In infants, a red rash may indicate the development of a number of diseases, for example, toxic erythema, which occurs in the first weeks of a newborn's life. As a rule, erythema goes away on its own and does not pose a threat to health.

Redness can indicate the appearance of an allergic reaction to certain foods, baby cosmetics, washing powder, diapers, medicines, animal hair, dust, plants. Often, allergic pimples occur when you introduce baby food or feed your baby with artificial mixtures. Allergies can also be hereditary.

5. Lack of hygiene of the baby

Rare washing, changing diapers, improper treatment of wrinkles on the body. The result is redness and irritation.

The above reasons are typical mainly for children who are not yet a year old. You can eliminate these reasons yourself at home. But if redness on the skin is accompanied by an increase in temperature, peeling, the formation of abscesses, then in these cases the help of a qualified specialist is needed.

Types of rashes

  • Spots (macula) - there are red (roseola), brown, white (vitiligo). If the stain is formed due to hemorrhage in the skin, then there are hematomas, ecchymosis, petechiae;
  • papules - the nodule is located in the thickness of the skin, a solid formation, does not have an internal cavity;
  • blisters - a dense and rough surface;
  • bubbles - there is liquid inside. There are vesicles (small) and bullae (large). If there is pus inside, it is a pustule;
  • crusts - formed when bubbles and pustules are opened;
  • ulcers and erosion - affected areas of the body, violate the integrity of the skin, there is a transparent or cloudy discharge, odor.

Each age has its own group of diseases, one of the symptoms of which is a skin rash.

Red rash. On the buttocks, a red rash can occur as a result of the development of neonatal pustulosis. It can persist for a long time, more than three months, but does not pose a particular danger.

The danger is a red rash resulting from the ingress of viral infections, such as: chickenpox, scarlet fever, rubella. In these cases, you should immediately go to the doctor.

White rash. The rash is also white. The appearance of irritation occurs due to the development of allergies, viral, infectious diseases. Children have fever, itching, peeling skin. If such symptoms appear, you should immediately go to a pediatrician, dermatologist.

Babies often have a small, white-headed rash. May affect the thighs, face, arms and legs. As a rule, such a rash goes away on its own.

Hemorrhagic rash. Such a rash on the skin indicates the presence of a serious illness in the child - hemorrhagic vasculitis. It can manifest itself on the buttocks, thighs, legs, arms. It occurs in children from 3 years old and above.

The causes of vasculitis

  • Taking a large number of medications;
  • weak immunity;
  • strong stressful situations;
  • allergy;
  • hypothermia.

A characteristic sign of vasculitis is that the shape and color of redness do not change with pressure. Red spots occur when capillaries are damaged, because some of the red blood cells leave the blood vessel.

If you suspect such a symptom, you should immediately go to the doctor. Treatment takes place in a hospital with adherence to bed rest and a strict diet.

Treatments for rashes

Before starting treatment, it is necessary to establish the exact cause of redness in the child's bottom and buttocks.

Based on the common causes of redness, which were indicated above, treatment should be carried out according to the principle of eliminating the provoking factor:

  • with prickly heat, overheating of the body - control the temperature and humidity in the room where the child is, observe hygiene;
  • with dermatitis - often change diapers, diapers, bathe the baby in a bath with herbs: chamomile, string, celandine, sage. Herbs relieve irritation and inflammation, soothe the skin;
  • in case of allergies, monitor the diet and the reaction of the child's body to the introduced foods. Change the brand of diapers if they are allergic to the bottom.

If the allergy does not go away on its own, the help of a doctor is needed here. He will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the correct treatment. You can also see an allergist and nutritionist.

The doctor may prescribe an ointment. This is a local drug, used in conjunction with other drugs that must be taken orally. Designed to remove redness from the skin, reduce severe itching, flaking, redness. Frequently used ointments are Desitin, Zincteral, Bepanten.

Antihistamines are prescribed to block the inflammation-causing lesion called histamine.

For children, they are available in the form of syrups and droplets. Hormonal drugs are used with extreme caution.

Antiallergenic property is possessed by a raspberry decoction. You need to take 50 g of raspberry rhizomes, pour half a liter of boiling water and put on fire for 40 minutes. Refrigerate and give the child 25 ml twice a day.

Rosehip decoction is no less useful. Brew fruits and leaves instead of tea and give the little one half a cup twice a day 30 minutes before meals.

Preventive measures for rashes

  • Avoid heavy sweating in the baby;
  • Limit skin contact with external allergens;
  • Dress your child for the weather;
  • Give him liquids to drink;
  • Avoid getting allergens inside the body;
  • Control humidity (50-60%) and temperature (20-22 degrees) in the house.

In addition, a mom who is breastfeeding should stick to a diet and not eat foods that contain allergens. Children who are prone to allergies should not be given marinades, pickles, spicy and fatty foods. Any products that are introduced must be given with extreme caution, it is imperative to observe the reaction of the child's body. Gradually accustom the little one to the procedures of hardening the body.

The appearance of redness on the bottom of a child is quite common. They can be of different types and kinds. If you notice them with your little one, do not immediately rush into a panic and run to the doctor. It happens that they arise due to diaper rash, food allergies, simple overheating of the newborn's body. In these cases, you just need to wash the baby with warm water several times a day, adding decoctions of herbs.

But if the redness does not go away for a long time, the child's condition only worsens, other symptoms appear, then you should immediately consult a doctor, pediatrician, dermatologist, allergist, to identify the cause of this condition, examine and prescribe competent and timely treatment.

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