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2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
The appearance of a reddish venous network on the legs indicates a disease of the vascular system. The venous vessels begin to swell and burst, while the patient in most cases does not feel pain, therefore, he does not pay special attention to the symptom. Although the more varicose veins progress, the higher the threat of limitation of mobility.
Clogged veins are common. It represents the expansion and lengthening of blood vessels, that is, deformation of the natural shape of the veins. If varicose veins develop, it affects an increasing number of vessels. In the lower extremities, there is a feeling of heaviness, and later pain. In some cases of the course of the disease, bursting veins cause bleeding. The disease can limit mobility.
As a rule, the vascular network forms in the lower part of the legs - at the level of the shins and ankles.
The causes of the onset of the disease are different:
- tight, overly tight pantyhose that overtighten the leg and interfere with normal blood circulation;
- stiff or uncomfortable shoes, as well as high-heeled shoes;
- lower limb injuries;
- excessive fatigue of the limbs.
In addition, a weighty soil for the development of varicose veins are:
- metabolic disease;
- nutritional problems;
- hormonal disruptions;
- being overweight;
- rehabilitation period after surgery;
- sedentary lifestyle.
A feature of the disease is that painful sensations may not appear. So, there are frequent cases when during a long walk there is a feeling of moisture on the leg. That the vessel has burst is revealed already upon examination by a doctor. At the same time, there is an abundant discharge of blood, which is difficult to stop. It has a maroon shade and does not fold well.
Since the disease is accompanied by prolonged bleeding from ruptured vessels, pressure drops are observed. It is recommended to stabilize the reduced pressure immediately, as undesirable consequences are possible.
As soon as you notice the first symptoms of the problem, it is important to try to stop the bleeding as much as possible. It is not always possible to immediately consult a doctor, and the specificity of the disease lies in the fact that the work of the vessels will be constantly disrupted. So you need to learn how to cope with the problem yourself.
Follow the step-by-step first aid instructions below.
- First, you need to make a tight bandage to pinch the affected area. To do this, take a bandage or a medical napkin, but just a clean piece of cloth or a regular handkerchief will do. Fold the bandage several times to form a tourniquet, and re-bandage the break. Bandage should be tight to create pressure and stop bleeding. As a last resort, if there is no tissue under the hand, pass the vessel with your hand.
- If it is possible to get to the pharmacy, it is advisable to purchase a homeostatic tube and place it under an impromptu bandage.
- When the bandage is in place, lie down if possible. At the same time, raise your leg above your head, but so as not to strain the muscle tissue.
- Apply something cold to the affected area. But do not keep the compress for more than a quarter of an hour.
- If the situation gets out of control - the vein continues to bleed, there is no ice for a compress, dizziness appears, etc., contact passers-by, ask to call an ambulance. In such cases, relying on yourself is not the best option.
- If the blood continues to flow for more than a quarter of an hour, then call an ambulance.
A bursting vein is preceded by a blockage of the vessel and the accompanying varicose veins. If the attending physician diagnoses the indicated problem, he ascribes treatment with medications. The drug course prevents the formation of blood clots, and also reduces the risk of complications.
So, drugs are divided into the following groups:
- direct type anticoagulants. They prevent blood clots from forming. Also, this type of drug is prescribed for prevention. Taking drugs is carried out through a dropper;
- anticoagulants of an indirect type of action. They are taken orally, but have contraindications. Therefore, their reception is carried out only on the prescription of a doctor - you should not engage in self-medication, as this can lead to death;
- thrombolytics. Medicines that are prescribed to dissolve accumulated blood clots. But this type of medication is fraught with a number of complications, therefore, it is prescribed only in individual cases.
In addition, cava filters are used in the treatment. They are placed in the lower part of the vein. For this, local anesthesia is performed and a vein is incised.
If this method does not help, then general anesthesia is applied, the resulting thrombus is excised. The disadvantage of surgical treatment is that the clot is removed, but not the cause of its formation. Therefore, a blood clot in the vessels on the leg may appear again. To prevent relapse, the doctor prescribes heparin.
Among the progressive methods of treatment, if the veins in the legs burst, today they distinguish laser removal of blood vessels. It is the safest and most effective. However, it is not possible to use a laser in all cases, it all depends on the degree of progression of the disease.
If you notice that the first signs of vascular deformation appear on the leg, then first of all, you should abandon the stiletto heels and heels. Walking comfort affects blood circulation and, therefore, the state of blood vessels.
In addition, the following procedures are recommended:
- gymnastics of the feet. Warm your feet daily - raise your lower limbs a little, and make circular movements with your feet several times;
- cold and hot shower. Raise your limbs and pour cold and hot water over them alternately. The procedure improves blood circulation and strengthens blood vessels;
- if the veins are swollen, before the working day, bandage the swollen vessels and put on compression underwear - this way the likelihood that the veins will burst decreases;
- phlebologist deals with problems with blood vessels on the leg - contact him in a timely manner. A bursting vein in the leg is already a consequence, and the doctor will help eliminate the cause of the disease.
To prevent the disease, the following measures are recommended:
- if possible, go barefoot to the sea or in the country as often as possible - this will improve blood flow;
- normalize food - limit fatty and spicy foods, reduce salt intake;
- give your legs a rest - in the evening, throw your legs on the wall for 10 minutes so that there is an outflow of blood;
- massage your feet and knead them so that the blood does not stagnate in the legs;
- do not wear uncomfortable shoes;
- have a regular check-up with a doctor;
- ask your gynecologist if you have hormonal disorders. If there is, then they should be treated first of all.
Go in for sports - it strengthens muscles and blood vessels, improves blood flow. Exercise saturates the blood with oxygen and serves as the best prevention of all diseases.