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How to eat with thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: features of a therapeutic diet
How to eat with thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: features of a therapeutic diet
Anonim

Thrombophlebitis is a disease of the walls of the veins, which is a vascular pathology. An inflammatory process occurs in the vein, and a blood clot forms, blocking the lumen of the vessel. There is a special diet for thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities, which helps to avoid complications.

Basic nutritional principles

Blood clots or blood clots form when blood is highly clotted, when it thickens and the rate of its circulation decreases. Since the problem most often affects the lower extremities, over time it can progress to varicose veins. To prevent the development of thrombophlebitis and avoid complications, it is necessary to provide additional support to the body through dietary nutrition.

The foods that are recommended to be included in the diet should have a thinning effect on the blood or be neutral in their effect.

Nutrition should be based on the following principles:

  • promote blood thinning;
  • cleanse blood vessels from cholesterol and cholesterol "plaques" or, at least, do not contribute to their active formation;
  • increase the tone and elasticity of blood vessels;
  • maintain the general tone of the body.

Consider foods that do not comply with the principles, and therefore should be excluded from the diet.

5 rules of dietary nutrition

  1. The main thing is to exclude fatty, smoked, overly salty, canned food from the diet. All of these are hard-to-digest foods.
  2. Give up a lot of sweets with cream, pastries and "fast food" - such food is absorbed with great difficulty, accumulates cholesterol in the body. Give preference to food of plant origin - vegetables, fruits, fresh herbs.
  3. It is necessary to reduce the consumption of food of animal origin - milk, cheese, fatty meats, sausages. Occasionally you can drink low-fat kefir, add sour cream with a low percentage of fat to your food. You can eat low-fat yogurt (based on natural starter cultures, without dyes and fruit fillers) several times a week.
  4. You can not give up proteins - take them in the form of lean fish (cod, hake), seafood. For example, steaming fish fillets can provide significant health benefits. The proteins found in seafood stimulate the production of elastin, as a result of which the veins are stretched and not clogged.
  5. It is recommended to cook food in three ways: boil, stew, steam, bake without the use of fat (oil of any kind). Try to have breakfast, lunch, and dinner at the same time of day. Do not eat before bed. Servings should be moderate, fractional meals are allowed 4-5 times a day.
  6. Give up strong sweet tea, coffee, cocoa. You can drink weak teas with lemon, a decoction of nettle and chamomile.

You can find out a special diet that is right for you only after consulting a doctor.

What can and should be eaten with thrombophlebitis?

What can be eaten with thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities is an important issue that worries patients. The composition of the consumed products should contain components that dissolve cholesterol, cleaning the lumen of the deep veins of the lower extremities.

People with thrombosis often take aspirin so that the disease does not progress to the stage of varicose veins. But the problem is that aspirin is not suitable for those suffering from stomach acidity (heartburn). Therefore, you should choose natural products that thin the blood (anticoagulants).

List of approved products:

  • cherry and sweet cherry;
  • raspberries and strawberries;
  • peaches, apricots and dried fruits;
  • bell pepper, red pepper;
  • citrus fruits (lemon, grapefruit, orange, lime);
  • onion and garlic;
  • cereals: oatmeal, buckwheat;
  • a pineapple;
  • melon;
  • cinnamon and turmeric;
  • ginger;
  • Red currant;
  • tomatoes;
  • Dill;
  • apples;
  • carrot;
  • seaweed.

The main task of the patient is to cleanse the blood and improve the vessels of the lower extremities. Food for thrombosis should be varied and as useful as possible. Eat a variety of foods in moderation. Don't make your body water shortage. To avoid the formation of blood clots, drink at least one and a half liters of water per day. If there are signs of edema on the legs, it is not recommended to drink a lot of water, and your doctor will make the daily allowance.

Diet for thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities: a sample menu

The rejection of bad habits - smoking and alcohol - will help improve the healing effect. A diet for thrombophlebitis of the veins of the lower extremities will not be beneficial if useful components from products block toxic substances. Your doctor-phlebologist will help you compose the optimal menu. The diet should be rich in plant foods that have a beneficial effect on the deep veins.

Here is a simple variation on the menu for this condition.

  1. For breakfast: oatmeal, or rolled oats in water or milk, dried fruits, green tea.
  2. For lunch: vegetable soup from cereals (buckwheat, rice), boiled chicken egg, rye bread.
  3. For an afternoon snack: 1 glass of kefir with a fat content of 1% and half a cup of berries (cherries, cherries, currants).
  4. For dinner: seafood (stewed squid, steamed fish), seaweed salad.
  5. 2-3 hours before bedtime: a small piece of melon or 2 pcs. walnuts.

Diet is an important component of treatment, but without an integrated approach, it is impossible to defeat the disease. Pass the necessary examinations, consult a doctor who will give a referral for tests.

Diet for thrombophlebitis will help prevent disease and complications, but do not forget about drug treatment. If you follow the recommendations for proper nutrition on a regular basis, you will definitely notice improvements.

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