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2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
Varicose veins, or simply varicose veins, is a disease that affects every third person on Earth. It is a pathology of varicose veins, in which the walls of blood vessels that transport blood to the heart and back, ooze, become inelastic, expand in diameter.
As a result of this, the lower (less often upper) limbs - namely, they are affected by varicose veins - swell, ache, first the nets appear on the skin, and then large inflamed veins.
Causes of the onset of the disease
For a long time it was believed that varicose veins is a problem of middle-aged people who have reached the age of forty. Recently, however, young people under thirty and even adolescents also suffer from varicose veins.
The reasons for the "rejuvenation" of the disease are the following factors:
- inactive lifestyle. Many people do not want or do not have time to engage in physical education;
- improper diet, passion for fast food, fatty, fried, flour dishes and as a result - obesity, overweight;
- standing or sedentary work;
- increased loads on the lower limbs;
- walking in tight, uncomfortable shoes, high-heeled shoes, as a result of which the veins are pinched;
- smoking, alcohol addiction;
- Taking hormonal medications, such as certain oral contraceptives
- deficiency of some vitamins, collagen.
With varicose veins, large, ugly, and sometimes painful, light blue veins appear on the skin of the legs. During physical exertion, the veins increase in diameter and begin to hurt even more. Over time, trophic ulcers may appear on the skin in the area of dilated veins, which do not heal for a long time, the skin becomes dark in color.
However, painful sensations and psychological discomfort are far from all the problems with varicose veins. Much worse are the possible complications of varicose veins, such as thrombophlebitis, bleeding from dilated vessels, malnutrition of the tissues of the limbs, clogging with blood clots.
When the first symptoms of varicose veins appear, it is necessary to consult a phlebologist - a doctor specializing in vascular diseases.
The doctor will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the necessary treatment. As a rule, therapy consists in taking venotonic drugs, for example, Troxevasin or Troxerutin capsules, as well as local remedies - gels and ointments that reduce swelling, relieve inflammation, and eliminate pain.
However, in addition to taking medications, special physical activities, such as walking, play an important role in the treatment of varicose veins.
But training with significant loads, such as running, basketball, volleyball, lifting the bar, etc., should be abandoned, since they can lead to the progression of the disease and the appearance of complications.
Walking with varicose veins of the legs
Many people suffering from varicose veins, and especially those who have undergone surgery to remove diseased veins, believe that physical activity should be minimized so as not to disturb the diseased veins once again.
This is not entirely correct information. The fact is that with varicose veins (as well as for its prevention), walking is very useful - it promotes normal blood circulation, strengthens and tones blood vessels and muscles, and prevents venous blood stagnation.
In many countries, including ours, physiotherapists recommend to patients medical walking with specially designed poles, which imitates the movements during skiing. This walking is called Scandinavian.
This sport appeared in the forties of the twentieth century, in Finland. The local athletes-skiers have specially developed this kind of physical activity so as not to lose physical skills outside the ski season.
Subsequently, such "dry" training became an independent sport, and due to the effect on the cardiovascular, muscular systems and the state of blood vessels, Scandinavian walking began to be widely used in physiotherapy. At the very end of the twentieth century, this sport became known and popular all over the world.
Today, the benefits of Scandinavian walking are recognized by doctors all over the world. During such a walk, a person helps himself with sticks, pushing them against the ground. As a result, some of its own weight is transferred to the stick and the speed at which the leg lands on the ground is significantly reduced. The impact on contact with the floor or the ground is cushioned, that is, the effect of walking remains, and the level of side effects is reduced several times.
However, in order for race walking with varicose veins to bring you only benefit, you need to know how to choose the right equipment and master the technique of movement during training.
For such physiotherapy with varicose veins of the legs, you will need special sticks.
They are considerably shorter than the poles commonly used by skiers. It is very important to choose the correct length of sticks. The length of the sticks is calculated not only depending on the patient's height, but also on his illness.
This can only be done by a specialist - a physiotherapist or sports trainer. Sticks of the wrong, inappropriate length will not only minimize the therapeutic effect, but can also harm the patient.
The tips on the sticks are interchangeable - ordinary tips are used for hard, even surfaces, and a carbide spike is used for walking on paths, snow, ice.
Any sports shoes are suitable for Scandinavian walking - the main thing is that they are comfortable and of high quality. You can wear sneakers, trainers or moccasins.
Technique of movements
The movements of the arms, legs, hips should be as rhythmic as in normal walking. The opposite legs and arms (left and right) move intensively forward and backward, just like in normal movement, only more intensively.
It is very important to immediately find the right pace for yourself in order to feel the effect of your training. The rate is individual for each person, depending on the stage of varicose veins, the age and gender of the patient.
The amplitude of the arms and legs is determined by the size of the steps. If, for example, the movements of the limbs with a large swing, then the movements of the chest, hips, shoulders and the back of the head also become larger, and the load, accordingly, increases. With the help of sticks, a person pushes off and they contribute to forward movement.
It is important to remember that with varicose veins, they do not engage in this sport for more than ten minutes a day. You can train in the first weeks three to four times a week, and over time, the number of workouts is increased up to 5-6 times.
Psychologists believe that the adaptation period for this type of training lasts 21 days. At this time, you should move a lot, but avoid significant loads, do not lift weights.
You cannot practice Nordic walking in such cases:
- in the postoperative period;
- with high blood pressure;
- with infectious diseases;
- during an exacerbation of any chronic disease.
Before doing race walking with varicose veins of the legs, it is imperative to consult with experienced doctors.