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2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
Almost every man of reproductive age has encountered prostate diseases. As a rule, this problem is a consequence of violations of the urinary system.
According to statistics, more than 50 percent of the strong half of humanity has various abnormalities in the functioning of the prostate. What are the diseases of the prostate gland?
When the prostate gland suffers - symptoms of the disease
The prostate gland is located under the bladder and takes part in the production and exchange of hormones that affect not only sexual function, but also all metabolic processes in the body of men. When it enters the urethra, the infection spreads to the prostate gland, causing inflammation.
In most cases, prostatitis is a consequence of sexually transmitted diseases, sinusitis, tonsillitis, hypothermia and a sedentary lifestyle. In total, there are four types of ailment - infectious, acute, chronic and mixed.
Acute prostatitis is easily identified by frequent and painful urination. The inflammation begins in the excretory ducts of the gland, causing it to edema and thrombosis. The infection spreads deep into the epithelium, causing many small ulcers to develop. The pustules that appear can grow together, forming an abscess of the prostate, and move to other organs. If the listed symptoms are ignored, the disease turns into an infectious form.
With infectious prostatitis, a man has a fever and a feeling of chills, and swelling of the gland and narrowing of the lumen of the urethra lead to fluid retention and pain during bowel movements and little need. Having found the listed symptoms in oneself, it is necessary to urgently consult a urologist. Early on, the disease is easily treatable
The disease is in a chronic form, develops with congestion in the prostate, but it can also be the result of untreated acute prostatitis, as well as incorrectly prescribed treatment. The course of the disease is based on a sluggish inflammatory process, which leads to cicatricial-sclerotic changes in the prostate gland and the formation of an enlarged cavity as a result of stagnation and clogging of the ducts.
The characteristic symptoms of chronic prostatitis in men are:
- aching pain in the lumbar region;
- pain in the rectum and perineum;
- decrease in efficiency;
- pain when urinating;
- sleep disturbance;
- problems with erection and ejaculation.
In chronic prostatitis, complex treatment and regular scheduled visits to the doctor should be prescribed, since the disease is recurrent. Long-term treatment of the disease leads to prostate sclerosis.
Acute infectious prostatitis is rare, but especially severe. The reason for the development of the disease can be an unexpectedly appeared infection that has entered the body of a man with acute prostatitis.
This form of the disease is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- high temperature;
- acute pain in the prostate, genitals, abdomen and lower back
- frequent urge to use the toilet;
- weak or delayed urination;
- the presence of blood in the urine;
- feeling chills;
- general weakness of the body.
It is worth noting that the listed symptoms require immediate specialist help, since an untimely prescribed treatment threatens with blood poisoning.
Adenoma of the prostate is a disease that is more often diagnosed in middle-aged men. Vivid signs of the disease are various violations during urination.
The degree of their severity determines the stage of development of the disease:
- The first stage is frequent urge to use the toilet, especially at night. Urination is weak and requires effort over time. Kidney function is not impaired;
- The second stage - the urge to urinate becomes more frequent, there is a feeling of poorly emptied bladder. The stream of urine is very weak, possibly in drops. The first symptoms of renal dysfunction appear - dry mouth, thirst;
- The third stage - the volume of liquid that could not be removed increases to two liters. Due to stretching, the bladder grows in size, the susceptibility is reduced, the contours are seen as a tumor. Uncontrolled urination can occur at any time of the day. Impaired kidney function causes weakness, loss of appetite, and nausea. Death of the patient from uremia is possible. In the absence of results of drug treatment, an operation is performed to remove the adenoma.
To avoid unwanted complications of the disease (urinary tract infection, renal failure, stone formation), the adenoma must be treated at an early stage. Medication will stop the growth of the prostate and help avoid surgery.
Sclerosis of the prostate
Sclerosis of the prostate is a wrinkling or scarring of its tissues, leading to a decrease in the neck of the bladder or urethra and to a violation of the outflow of fluid. Deterioration of urine output for a long time causes an increase in pressure in the ureters and kidney cavity, thereby making it difficult for them to work.
The characteristic signs of sclerosis of the prostate in men are:
- difficulty urinating;
- an obsessive desire to empty the bladder at night;
- painful sensations during sex;
- intermittent flow when urinating;
- pain in the groin and rectum;
- feeling of constantly full bladder;
- violation of sexual function.
It is also worth noting that the disease has several forms of manifestation, therefore, it is impossible to diagnose the disease at home.
Depending on the type of sclerosis of the prostate, the disease is accompanied by:
- focal hyperplasia - the formation of overgrown zones, due to an increase in the number of cells;
- atrophy of the parenchyma - a reduction in tissue mass due to a decrease in the number of cells;
- cystic neoplasms in the prostate - filling cavities with fluid;
- cirrhosis of the prostate - replacement of glandular connective tissue, with the pathology of its structure;
- infectious prostatitis;
- prostatitis caused by an allergic reaction;
- without prostatitis.
As for the causes of the onset of the disease, then sclerosis of the prostate develops as a result of prolonged inflammation, which is caused by:
- getting into the channel of the prostate gland of urine;
- hormonal disruption;
- atherosclerosis of the vessels of the prostate;
- Poorly tolerated prostate surgery.
Any diseases of the prostate must be given close attention. Preventive examination in the urologist's office, an active lifestyle and timely treatment of the disease will preserve the health of men for many years. Be healthy!