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Invasion - what is it and what to do if an infection is detected?
Invasion - what is it and what to do if an infection is detected?

Invasion is a word of Latin origin. Literally translated, it sounds like an attack or invasion. It has the same meaning when used in Russian. It is more often used in medicine and its branches, such as epidemiology and parasitology.

In order to understand the question of what an invasion is, you need to know about the various penetrations of many parasites into organisms, be it a person, an animal or a plant. It is parasitic invasion that is widespread in the world today and can be active and passive.

Basically, the symptoms of an invasion of the body have been sufficiently studied. Science knows more than 260 types of parasitic microorganisms. Of these, about 70 are the most common in Russia.

Invasion: what is the danger to humans?

In order to understand what invasion is from a medical point of view, it is worth analyzing the meanings that this term has in the science under consideration.

Among the most common:

  • Parasitic infection;
  • Diseases resulting from the appearance of certain parasites in the body;
  • Reproduction of cancerous malignant cells;
  • In psychology, this term means a certain state of the patient who performs actions rather on an unconscious level.

Parasitic invasions are very dangerous for the phenomenon, detrimental to human health. Parasites that have settled in the body, among which there are often round or flat worms, pinworms, as well as roundworms, produce mechanical damage to various organs and mucous membranes.

They can also cause human intoxication. The result of their vital activity are failures in the work of some systems that are vital for a person.

In the human body, worms are held by special devices. So, some have peculiar suction cups, others are fixed with hooks or teeth. Thus, they destroy the mucous membrane, often this process is accompanied by bleeding, which are direct symptoms of invasion.

The material for nutrition for all such organisms is useful substances that are so necessary for humans. But, taking them away, parasites contribute to a decrease in immunity and resistance to external influences.

Many dangerous diseases are caused by larvae that enter the body. Their ability to migrate through organs, systems and bloodstream leads to their complete destruction. The negative effect is on the cardiovascular system, often leads to impaired functioning of proper breathing. Having settled in the intestines, this type of parasite incapacitates the digestive system. The results of such infection can be acute appendicitis, the development of oncology and, as a result, death.

Symptoms of invasion

To understand what an invasion is, it is important to know not only the consequences that arise in this condition, but also the main symptoms of the invasion of parasites. First of all, this is a general deterioration in health, even among people who follow all the rules of a healthy lifestyle, do not have habits that harm the body.

No remedial measures will help to correct the situation, including such important ones as nutrition, physical activity, hardening. In this case, measures are needed to identify and get rid of parasites.

Not only certain diseases, but at first glance completely extraneous signs can mean the beginning of a parasitic invasion, the symptoms of which are chronic fatigue. In the event of irritability and anxiety, it is also necessary to pay attention to the possibility of invasion. Very often it precedes the child's hyperactivity. The reason for this is the ability of parasitic worms or larvae to release toxins that negatively affect the nervous system.

Its symptoms are the appearance of anemia, problems with the nails (they become brittle), the condition of the hair worsens, and problems appear on the skin. You also need to be screened to identify parasitosis in case of frequent headaches, poor appetite, low immunity. As a result of the deterioration of the latter, allergic reactions may develop. In this way, the body tries to fight the parasites that infect it and have a destructive effect on the immune system.

Those for whose organism it became the beginning of such dangerous diseases as atopic dermatitis, often such are urticaria, and eczema, are well aware of parasitic invasion. The development of diabetes mellitus, pathologies associated with the work of the liver and gallbladder, can also be a consequence of infection.

The ingestion of bacteria in the body leads to a change in weight. In this case, there may be a sharp decrease or, conversely, an increase. This is explained by the occurrence of digestive dysfunctions.

The ability to move parasites along the respiratory tract is known. This leads to their defeat, the occurrence of inflammatory processes. In such cases, symptoms such as fever, severe coughing, resulting in sputum production, and a runny nose appear.

The appearance of painful sensations in the joints and muscles are also often direct signs of invasion. These sensations are the result of the movement of pathogenic bacteria inside the body. Thus, they are looking for the most comfortable place for their settling.

And muscle tissue and joint fluids are the best suited for this.

Causes of occurrence

Often thinking about the process itself, we can conclude that invasion is pathological changes caused by non-observance of basic rules of personal hygiene. Often and rightly, pathology is called the result of dirty hands. Failure to do this simple action, especially before meals and after contact with pets, will result in parasitic symptoms.

Everyone has long known that pets, both cats and dogs, are carriers of microorganisms' eggs. They very freely fall to the person. In addition, contact with wild animals and birds can also cause infection.

Do not forget about various insects, which also carry parasite larvae and can infect humans. These are common flies, mosquitoes and fleas. Considering such possibilities, one can draw another important conclusion that invasive diseases are transmitted not only by food, but also by skin. However, the former is considered more common and dangerous.

Treatment and prevention methods

Invasive diseases can be caused by completely different parasites, therefore, treatment has many directions. Moreover, any therapy is aimed at eliminating parasites. It is based on the use of drugs that have an anthelmintic effect.

Once in the body of the parasite, the agent suppresses its enzymatic activity, adversely affecting vital functions. Some drugs tend to stop synthesizing proteins of microorganisms, which leads to their death.

These drugs are:

  • Pirantel;
  • "Nemozol";
  • Albendazole.

Also in cases of illness caused by infection, apply:

  • "Dekaris";
  • Piperazine;
  • Mebendazole.

But before one or another remedy is prescribed, it is necessary to carry out analyzes and identify the presence of helminths and their type. Therefore, when signs of illness appear, it is important not to self-medicate, but to seek qualified help.

Medicines are quite effective, but they have side effects. Therefore, it is clear that you cannot do without professional help.

The doctor will develop a regimen and prescribe the dosage on an individual basis. If the pathology is running, inpatient therapy is possible with the use of special droppers, in addition to tableted medicines.

Prevention of infection is quite simple and includes:

  • timely personal hygiene;
  • drinking quality water;
  • thorough washing and high-quality heat treatment (if necessary) of food products, especially meat;
  • keeping the premises clean;
  • careful processing of children's toys.

Only by such methods can you protect yourself and your family from parasitic damage. And it is easier to prevent its development than to cure it later.

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