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HPV type 39 in women: consequences and their treatment
HPV type 39 in women: consequences and their treatment

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a dangerous infection. Some types appear only with skin lesions (classic warts), others cause genital warts. It is to the latter that type 39 HPV belongs. It can lead to pathologies of the cervix in women and the penis in men.

In medicine, the human papillomavirus is classified into 3 groups. It is divided according to the ability to provoke malignant pathologies. The group of high oncogenicity includes type 39 and several others.

Papilloma virus infection

The transmission of infection occurs in the following ways:

  • unprotected intercourse. However, the use of condoms does not guarantee complete protection. This method of contraception only reduces the likelihood of infection;
  • household way;
  • during childbirth from a sick mother to a child.

The following categories fall into the risk group:

  • people who have early sexual activity;
  • sexual contacts with several partners at once;
  • practicing anal sex;
  • having sexually transmitted diseases;
  • suffering from immunodeficiency;
  • history of abortion surgery.

It should be noted that the overwhelming majority of speakers are men. But mostly women suffer from HPV type 39.

Diagnostics: how to identify oncogenic human papillomavirus

The infection is characterized by the fact that it cannot be detected in the blood. But the diagnosis is carried out by other methods:

  1. Classical examination of the cervical canal using gynecological mirrors;
  2. Colposcopy. The procedure consists in an approximate examination by means of a special apparatus. Sometimes the technique is supplemented by the use of a Lugol / acetic acid solution;
  3. Cytology. For research, tissue is taken from the cervical canal. It is this method that makes it possible to identify a malignant disease at the initial stage of development, while there are no external symptoms;
  4. PCR is a polymer chain reaction. The technique allows you to detect the DNA of the virus in the tissues under study. However, in this case, a false positive result is possible;
  5. Digene test. This method allows you to identify both the DNA of the pathogen and its variety;
  6. Cobas is a high-precision test system that can detect the DNA of most types of HPV;
  7. Biopsy. For research, biological tissues of the cervix are used. The procedure allows you to identify the DNA of the pathogen and cervical cancer at the initial stages of the development of the disease.

HPV type 39: what is the danger?

Human papillomavirus of this type can provoke:

  • classic warts on the skin;
  • warts - genital warts on the skin and mucous membranes of the genitals;
  • squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix;
  • cancer of the cervical canal / uterus.

This variety rarely causes external genital warts. Usually, rashes are localized on the walls of the vagina, cervix and uterine canal.

Most often, the ailment is discovered by accident, during a routine examination by a gynecologist.

Squamous intraepithelial lesions

In this case, flat warts are found on the cervix. But additional investigation of suspicious areas of the organ is required. Most often, a 3% acetic acid solution is used for this purpose. This tool is used to treat suspicious areas. If there is a disease, the treated area turns white and becomes more visible.

More complex diagnostic techniques may also be involved:

  • tissue histology. First, materials are taken by means of a biopsy, and then, in a laboratory, the degree of tissue malignancy is determined;
  • Pap smear cytology.

Treatment of HPV type 39 in women

Human papillomavirus cannot be completely eradicated. Modern methods only make it possible to "lull" it, to transfer it to a latent state. In most cases, drug therapy is sufficient. But when diagnosing a precancerous condition, surgical intervention is performed in combination with drug treatment.

Antiviral therapy

There is no specific method of treatment. But since the disease is activated against the background of a low immune status, efforts are directed to increasing immunity.

Treatment for women and men includes the following types of medications:

  1. The group of interferons are immunomodulatory substances with antiviral properties. They are also effective in the presence of tumors. They are used topically (suppositories) and systemically (solutions for injections). Like all other medicines, interferons have contraindications. Examples of drugs - "Inton-A", "Alpha-interferon";
  2. "Isoprinosine" is a drug that can suppress the activity of the virus. It also enhances the immune status. The medication can be used both in tablets and in injections;
  3. Drugs that stimulate the body's own interferon production. These include "Amiksin", "Cycloferon" and the like. These funds, like the previous ones, have antiviral, antitumor and immunomodulatory properties;
  4. Drugs that suppress the division of diseased cells - "Kondilin", "Podophyllin" and the like. They are intended for topical use, therefore they are available in the form of aqueous solutions and creams.

Despite the large list of drugs, it is far from always possible to suppress the activity of the virus with their help.

Due to the fact that HPV type 39 is most often activated in women, drug treatment is recommended for them. Men only undergo therapy if they develop genital warts.

Treatment of cervical warts in women

If drug therapy does not work, genital warts should be removed. Removal is possible by the following methods:

  • surgical excision;
  • laser treatment is a painless method;
  • chemical moxibustion (coagulation). It is carried out with drugs such as "Solcoderm", "Solkovaginal";
  • cryodestruction - moxibustion with liquid nitrogen;
  • electrocoagulation - moxibustion with high-frequency current. This method is characterized by painfulness and a long rehabilitation period.

You can not independently select a method for removing genital warts. First of all, a histological examination is required. If atypical (malignant) cells are found, you need to undergo complex treatment at an oncological dispensary.

Prevention of papilloma virus infection

Preventive measures can significantly reduce the likelihood of developing oncological diseases of the intimate sphere in women and men.

Prevention in this case includes both specific and non-specific methods:

  • Specific measures are vaccination. Vaccination protects against possible infection with the most dangerous types of infection (in terms of oncogenicity). Doctors recommend getting vaccinated before a person has sexual intercourse, but it can be done at an older age. The Gardasil vaccine and the like will be able to protect against HPV type 39;
  • Non-specific measures are the use of condoms, sex education for adolescents, restriction of sexual intercourse, etc.

If the results of the study show the presence of the DNA of the virus in the body, do not despair. This does not mean at all that the infection is intensifying. A strong immune system will be able to independently suppress the pathogen and keep it latent for a long time.

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