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The mole appeared again after removal - is this normal?
The mole appeared again after removal - is this normal?
Anonim

All people on Earth have moles. One person can have up to thirty moles on the body. Scientifically, medical experts call them nevi. In the old days, they were afraid of brown spots, they were afraid to touch them with their hands, fearing to harm themselves. They even came up with a proverb: "the more moles, the happier a person." Modern people are not so superstitious, but there is some truth in the fact that the disappearance of such an education may not be good for the body.

Classification

Many people suffer from their unaesthetic appearance, tainted by a mole in a conspicuous place. Nevi are of different shapes, sizes and colors, which also does not speak in their favor. Moreover, they can be located not just in "prominent places", but in uncomfortable places: in the folds of the skin, for example. In short, they cause inconvenience for a long time.

Distinguish by size:

  • small (up to 15 mm);
  • medium (1.5-10 cm);
  • large (more than 10 cm);
  • huge (neoplasms that take up part of the body).

By form there are:

  • flat;
  • convex;
  • hanging;
  • warty;
  • smooth;
  • hair.

They are distinguished by color:

  • black;
  • brown;
  • bodily;
  • blue;
  • red.

Today, they are not afraid to touch them and there are different ways to remove them from the body and, it would seem, forever forget that they once were. However, a common problem is that after the removal of the nevus, the mole grows back.

Methods for removing neoplasms

In order to eliminate moles, modern medicine uses the following methods:

  • Removal by laser. It is considered the most effective method. When working with a laser, it is possible to regulate the depth of penetration, which makes it possible not to touch nearby tissues and, accordingly, not to damage them. This method is practiced to remove nevi in the most delicate areas: face, neck, chest;
  • Cryodestruction (removal with liquid nitrogen). Nitrogen is brought to temperatures of -180 degrees. Under the influence of this substance, tissues undergo necrosis, which leads to their rejection by the body. After the procedure, a new, healthy layer of the epidermis begins to form. This method is not so popular, since there is a high probability of tissue injury, and there is also an opportunity for relapse: after removal, a new melanoma may appear in the old place again;
  • Electrocoagulation or radio knife. The method consists in burning out the formation with an electric current. Excellent results can be obtained in one procedure. A significant disadvantage of this method is the appearance of a scar on the site of the nevus;
  • Surgical method. It is most often used for cutting out large forms of neoplasms. The patient is administered antibacterial drugs, the procedure is performed under local anesthesia. What's good: the formation does not appear again after removal, but an ugly scar may remain.

Removal of neoplasms should only be carried out by a qualified technician. One person can have 3-4 types of nevi on his body, each of which may require a personal approach.

What can happen after a nevus is removed?

Often, after the removal of moles, complications arise: either it has grown again, then the patient does not follow the rules for caring for the skin from which the neoplasm was removed. Therefore, before the operation, a complete examination of the person is necessarily carried out, and after it is carried out, the nevus must certainly be sent for a histological examination.

Effects of laser removal:

  • In the case of a flat and small neoplasm, with proper care and adherence to medical recommendations, no traces remain;
  • If a bulging, deep nevus is eliminated, then it is likely that a small depression or a small scar will remain on the skin;
  • Sometimes, after the procedure, skin rashes are observed.

Consequences of cryodestruction:

  • A significant disadvantage of this method is that it is impossible to guess to what depth liquid nitrogen will penetrate, and whether it will thoroughly remove the neoplasm or only damage it. If the subcutaneous cells of the formation turn out to be intact, there is a high probability that the nevus will reappear;
  • A skin burn is likely, which will damage healthy tissue next to the nevus;
  • If the mole is not completely removed, a seal will form in its place.

Consequences of electrocautery:

  • No pain during the procedure;
  • The skin is not damaged;
  • Most likely, a scar will remain. For this reason, the removal of formations on the face and neck with this method is not practiced.

Consequences of the surgical method:

  • The healing process takes longer than other methods;
  • There is redness on the skin after the operation;
  • Scars remain, which lighten and become less visible over time. The size of the scar will depend on the size of the neoplasm and the skill of the surgeon;
  • There is a possibility of infection in the open wound during the procedure;
  • In case of incomplete removal of the mole, it will appear again. Most likely, it will no longer be a benign education. There is a great risk of its transformation into melanoma.

The most common consequence of removing a mole is relapse. The nevus occurs in the same place, the same or large. If the formation appears again and again, then an urgent need to do a biopsy in order to prevent the onset of a malignant condition.

If the elimination procedure went well, and the mole was accurately removed, then there is nothing to worry about. There will be no complications.

It all depends on the characteristics of the human body who underwent the operation:

  • Does he have a tendency to relapse;
  • Hereditary factors;
  • Whether the necessary balanced diet is being followed;
  • Ecological situation.

Why it is impossible to engage in self-elimination of education

Eliminating nevi at home is a dangerous undertaking. The most optimistic prognosis after such a procedure will be the appearance of a new mole, the worst - the occurrence of cancer. There are such formations that can not be removed in any case.

Performing such an operation at home, you are at great risk. At home, it is impossible to provide the necessary hygiene, which increases the likelihood of wound infection.

Despite the seeming simplicity of the procedure, you will definitely not be able to determine to what depth the nevus cells go without special equipment. So after cutting off the upper part, a new mole will soon form.

Scars or overgrowing scars are common after excision of a nevus at home.

What to do next after removing the mole

  • The crust that appears on the wound must be treated with brilliant green or a special ointment with antibiotics. All this is done according to the doctor's prescription. Sometimes the doctor prohibits the use of any drugs;
  • It is strictly forbidden to wet the crust or seam after the procedure;
  • Do not use cosmetics on the damaged area of the skin;
  • If pus begins to protrude from the wound, then the doctor should prescribe antiseptic ointments;
  • The crust should fall off by itself. If you try to remove it yourself, then a scar may remain;
  • Do not scratch new skin after the crust has fallen off;
  • Protect new skin from sun damage. It is recommended to apply special creams that protect against ultraviolet radiation.

Remember that with high-quality removal and proper follow-up care, no relapse or new formation occurs. If you want to get rid of a mole, then do it in a special clinic, not at home. So you will rather get the result you are counting on, without fatal consequences for your own health.

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