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2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
Spots are a type of rash that is characterized by a discoloration of the skin. The rest of the indicators (relief, density, etc.) remain the same. If the spots itch, peel off, increase in size and quantity, there is a disease.
Spots do not itch or flake off: vegetative disorders
For some people, overheating, excitement, or physical stress causes redness of the face, neck, and upper torso - bright pink spots appear. The causes of the disease are hidden in a violation of the vascular tone (autonomic dysfunction). The capillaries expand unevenly, resulting in stains.
This violation is almost impossible to eliminate. To reduce its manifestations, means of normalizing vascular tone are used, for example, a contrast shower, physical exercises.
Spots on hands itch: causes and their elimination
Neither is it a stain on the human body that appears by itself. Any change in the color and quality of the skin indicates a malfunction in the body's systems. In other words, a stain is a consequence, a reaction of the body to a stimulus. What is the reason for such changes to look for?
Allergy symptoms may vary. But overwhelmingly, they look like spots. These can be of different sizes, turn into blisters. An allergic rash is usually itchy.
The body often reacts negatively to food and medications. A rash on the hand can appear after contact with irritating substances that are part of household chemicals. In especially sensitive individuals, allergies can develop due to hygiene products.
If the reasons are hidden in the above factors, then the treatment is quite simple. First of all, you need to identify the allergen. Then completely or maximally exclude contact with him. Antihistamines - "Tavegil", "Kestin", "Loratadin", etc. will help to relieve discomfort, including itching.
Photodermatosis is popularly known as sun allergy. It is ultraviolet light that is a provocateur of rash, swelling and hyperemia.
- Therapy begins with the elimination of the irritant - ultraviolet rays. It is known that antibiotics and analgesics can increase the sensitivity of the skin to sunlight, therefore, during treatment, their intake is corrected / canceled. Cosmetics with bergamot and sandalwood oil have a similar effect on the skin;
- If the spots itch a lot, you need to use antiallergic drugs. The latter relieve not only itching, but also redness;
- In the future, you need to control the time spent in the open sun, wear closed clothes and use hypoallergenic sunscreens;
- To make the symptoms disappear faster, it is necessary to lubricate the affected areas with ointment with methyluracil or drying "talkers" with tsindol or similar substances up to 3 times a day.
The stain on the hand is peeling: why and what to do?
If the affected area begins to change, itching, peeling and other transformations appear - this is a signal for an immediate reaction! If you do not respond in time, the problem can worsen and the lesion spreads throughout the body. What can cause peeling and other changes?
This disease provokes a fungus. It causes reddish-brown spots on the skin. Most often, the latter are localized on the neck, arms, back and chest. The elements of the rash under the influence of the sun peel off and darken, and when the ailment passes, they become lighter than healthy skin (hypopigmented).
Therapy involves the use of antifungal drugs (ex."Lamisil", "Clotrimazole"). It is also required to use products from which the skin peels off faster (eg salicylic alcohol). This treatment can relieve symptoms in 2-3 weeks.
As in any other case, when choosing medicines, contraindications must be taken into account. For example, the vast majority of antifungal drugs are forbidden to be used in the first trimester of pregnancy, as well as to smear them on the breast during breastfeeding. So it is best to consult a doctor who will select medications depending on the situation.
If red spots appear on the body, this ailment can also be suspected. They generally do not cause physical discomfort, so patients consult a doctor at a later stage of the disease.
Rashes with psoriasis are quite massive, so they can cause psychological discomfort. The rash is localized mainly on the extensor surfaces of the arms, legs and body: elbows, knees, lower back, buttocks, etc. As the pathology progresses, the spots begin to merge and also peel off strongly.
The course of therapy is selected strictly individually in each case.
Itchy and flaky spots: atopic dermatitis
This disease has a chronic course and occurs mainly in childhood.
The disease manifests itself with the following symptoms:
- red spots;
- the affected area is peeling;
- thickening of the affected skin.
Basically, the disease worries in the cold season, and in the heat it recedes. Treatment is selected individually. But, usually, hormonal ointments are prescribed (ave. "Beloderm", "Lokoid", "Advantan") and antiallergic drugs inside. A properly selected set of medicines allows you to effectively deal with exacerbations and even control the disease.
Red spot on the body as a symptom of pink lichen
This ailment occurs mainly in children. In adulthood, its appearance is associated with a strong decrease in immunity. But unlike other types of lichen, this form is not contagious.
The disease begins with the appearance of one large spot, then many small ones form near it. As the disease progresses, the edges of the rash turn red, and the middle turns yellow. All this can be accompanied by itching.
A specific treatment for pink lichen has not been developed. In the vast majority of cases, the disease goes away on its own after a few weeks. At this time, it is recommended to adhere to a hypoallergenic diet and limit the use of cosmetics.
If the stain itches a lot, you can use antihistamines (inside) and hormonal ointments (ave. "Advantan").
If a baby has a rash and a fever at the same time, one can suspect childhood infections - measles, rubella, chickenpox (chickenpox). In this case, you need to show the child to the doctor (call at home).
The patient is shown isolation, since the listed infections are highly infectious. General measures are also needed: bed rest, taking vitamins, drinking plenty of fluids.
With chickenpox, you need to treat the rash with brilliant green so that it does not itch and dries out faster. It is worth noting that these diseases can appear in an adult, if he did not suffer them in childhood.
The listed diseases are by no means the entire list of ailments characterized by spots on the arm and other parts of the body. A rash can be triggered by a large number of reasons, ranging from a banal insect bite to such a serious disease as systemic lupus erythematosus.
In any case, you need to see a specialist, because skin diseases have similar symptoms. For example, psoriasis has 10 forms of rash.
There have been cases when lichen pink is confused with scabies. This is due to the difficulty of diagnosis. It is necessary to pass tests and take up treatment only after the diagnosis is made.