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What diseases do blisters on the face indicate?
What diseases do blisters on the face indicate?

Often, specific, watery rashes appear on the skin of the face, causing a lot of problems and simply uncomfortable sensations. They are bubbles with watery contents, can be located singly, in groups, or even merge into one huge crowberry. Quite often, the ailment is accompanied by a burning sensation and itching.

The reasons for their occurrence can be very diverse. A person far from medicine can only guess what caused the appearance. Only a specialist can correctly and accurately diagnose.

Causes of occurrence

To find out the cause and make an accurate diagnosis, you will need to take tests.

Basically, rashes occur if there are:

  • various burns;
  • insect bites;
  • allergic reactions to household chemicals or cosmetics;
  • stress.

If a watery rash occurs and the body temperature rises at the same time, weakness and a runny nose are noted - this may indicate that an infectious disease has begun.

With watery rashes located on the lips, most likely we are talking about a disease called herpes.

Whatever the reason, it is not worth starting to treat watery rashes on your own. Without knowing why the disease has arisen, you can complicate its course and time will be lost.

To effectively combat a disease, you need to know exactly why it has arisen. Knowing this, it is possible to speed up the treatment and eliminate the risk of relapse. For various ailments that have caused the appearance of watery rashes on the face, various types of treatment are also used.

Watery blisters on the face and how to treat them

With the usual bite of any insect, a rash may appear with a dot of sintered blood in the center. Most often, the appearance of a bubble is accompanied by unbearable itching, then decreasing, then intensifying again. Care should be taken not to scratch the bite site to avoid introducing infection. To get rid of itching, the bite site can be wiped with vodka or menthol alcohol. Alternatively, you can prepare a soda solution. Dissolve one spoonful of baking soda in 100 ml of warm water and wipe the affected areas.

Herpes. It is a virus that infects human cells. Infection occurs through airborne droplets, sexual, generic and, possibly, contact. As a rule, the disease does not manifest itself immediately, but waits until the host's immunity decreases. When you get herpes, the watery blisters will mostly be concentrated in the area of the lips. This kind of rash is swollen and reddish. Its occurrence is preceded by a feeling of severe itching.

For a speedy recovery, apply:

  • Oxolinic ointment 3%. The main active ingredient of the drug is oxalin, which is an antiviral agent. The remedy can be prescribed for viral diseases of the skin, eyes and rhinitis. It is necessary to treat herpes with an ointment as follows: apply to damaged skin in the morning at lunchtime and in the evening for two weeks to two months. The drug is contraindicated in case of individual intolerance. Of the side effects, a rapidly passing burning sensation was noted;
  • Acyclovir. The active ingredient of the drug is acyclovir, which is an antiviral agent. It is prescribed for skin ailments and diseases of the mucous membranes caused by the herpes virus, with chickenpox, shingles and genital herpes. To get rid of rashes, the cream is applied to the affected area up to 5 times a day with an interval of 4 hours. The course will take at least a week. Contraindications include pregnancy and breastfeeding, children under two years of age and individual intolerance. Side effects such as itching and burning, allergies, swelling may occur;
  • To reduce itching, it is possible to use a folk method in the form of an ice cube or a tea bag, which is applied to itchy areas. Sage or tea tree oil may be used.

Chickenpox. Acute, highly contagious infectious disease. Most often, a child can get it. One of the herpes viruses causes the disease. The virus is transmitted by airborne droplets. The patient becomes dangerous to others two days before the onset of the rash and remains so for a week after the onset of the rash. The incubation period takes from a week to three weeks.

The main symptoms include a significant increase in temperature, fever and headache. Subsequently, watery blisters appear, filled with liquid and accompanied by severe itching. After a while, they burst and after a few days, crusts form in their place. In a child, chickenpox occurs in a milder form compared to an adult.

You can treat chickenpox with a solution of potassium permanganate or brilliant green. They lubricate the affected areas pointwise. It is possible to use ointments (acyclovir) as prescribed by a specialist. If the child has a temperature above 38 ° C, he should be given an antipyretic agent (ibuprofen, paracetamol). As a rule, rashes disappear without a trace, but if you comb them, scars can occur.

Measles. A disease caused by the measles virus. The infection is spread by airborne droplets or from a pregnant woman to a newborn. The patient becomes potentially dangerous 5-6 days before the rash and as soon as they have arisen for another 4 days. The incubation period of the disease is about two weeks.

The disease is characterized by headache, lethargy, runny nose, barking dry cough, conjunctivitis, and a solo increase in body temperature. On the mucous membranes of the cheeks, specks appear that resemble semolina. A watery rash appears after a few days. On the first day behind the ears, on the face, neck and head. On the second day on the body and hands. On the third, on the legs, while the rash on the head turns pale. From the fourth day of the disease, the rashes turn pale in the order in which they appeared.

Measles is treated at home. At high temperatures, it is necessary to give antipyretic drugs (paracetamol, ibuprofen) and a large amount of drink. With profuse watery rashes, antihistamines are prescribed, for example, Suprastin.

Its main active ingredient is chloropyramine hydrochloride. The drug is an anti-allergic agent. It is indicated for urticaria, pruritus, eczema, conjunctivitis, dermatitis, allergic reactions. The tablets are taken orally during meals, washed down with water. Adults 1 pc. up to 4 times a day, for children as prescribed by a doctor. The drug is contraindicated in bronchial asthma, pregnancy and during breastfeeding, babies. Side effects noted: drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, arrhythmia.

Hives. Allergic disease of the skin of the body. Watery rashes appear on the skin, accompanied by itching. Fever, chills and indigestion are possible. A characteristic feature of rashes is their disappearance and return. The possibility of relapse is the main feature of the disease. Pathology can be treated with Tavegil.

Antiallergic agent containing hydrofumarate in the composition of clemastine. The drug is indicated for use in urticaria, itching, eczema, insect bites, dermatitis, allergies. It is applied orally 1 tablet twice a day. Children under 12 years old take half a tablet in the morning and evening before meals. Do not use the drug for bronchial asthma, pregnancy and lactation, children under 6 years of age, individual intolerance.

Preventive measures

Like any disease, the appearance of a rash is easier to prevent than to cure. This is possible subject to certain rules:

  • Observe hygiene.
  • Try not to overuse highly allergenic foods, and if necessary, eliminate them completely.
  • Use protective equipment when using household chemicals.
  • Exclude or limit contact with people who are already sick.
  • Do not give up preventive vaccinations.
  • Strengthen immunity.
  • Eat properly.
  • Consult a specialist at the first symptoms of the disease.

It is possible to accurately determine why the disease has arisen only by contacting a specialist. It is strictly forbidden to pierce the blisters. Only by applying adequate treatment, it is possible to obtain a positive effect.

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