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Edema with a burn: why does it appear and how to help?
Edema with a burn: why does it appear and how to help?
Anonim

Edema with a burn is one of the invariably manifested symptoms of inflammation of the damaged surface. This is a kind of reaction of the body to the damage caused to it. The skin is designed in such a way that even a small increase in temperature from the outside can provoke inflammation and edema.

Why does edema appear?

Edema that occurs after a burn is an accumulation of fluid in the intercellular space. This situation directly signals inflammation of the skin.

Consider the classification of burns by the way they appear:

  • Thermal - they arise after exposure to open fire, steam or high temperature liquid, as well as from contact with hot objects and hot air (the most common);
  • Chemical - in case of accidental and / or careless handling of various substances of a chemical nature (acid, alkali, all kinds of reagents);
  • Beam - arise as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation on the skin (for example, in an accident at a nuclear power plant);
  • Electric - upon contact of the skin with current.

You can even get burned after being struck by lightning. But this is a very rare occurrence. Regardless of the reason for the injury, the sore spot needs to be treated urgently.

How can you help

Even after the smallest burn injury, the skin will react with swelling. There are many ways to prevent (or reduce) swelling after injury. The main thing is to correctly determine in time which of them is most suitable in this case.

If the burn turned out to be insignificant in size or does not cause any particular concern, then you can refuse hospitalization and carry out first aid yourself.

To do this, you must first of all:

  • Immediately after injury (only if there is no open wound surface!), Substitute the affected area under a stream of cold water for at least 20 minutes (it will help relieve inflammation and reduce pain) or try to at least just rinse;
  • Carefully treat the damaged surface with any available antiseptic and only after that take anti-inflammatory drugs (better, after consulting a doctor).

These techniques can temporarily relieve pain and prevent infection.

For small-sized burns, you can limit yourself to using Aspirin. It is simply taken one tablet every 6-8 hours for 3 days. It helps to relieve pain, swelling and inflammation.

If you cannot cope with edema on your own, and it does not go away in any way, then there is a risk that deeper layers of the skin are damaged than it seemed before. In this case, you need to contact a medical facility, where they will diagnose and prescribe treatment.

Medical treatment for burns

To get rid of the consequences of burns, medications, ointments, lotions, gels, as well as various folk remedies are used. They can be ready-made and sold at the pharmacy, or they can be prepared at home.

The most used rehabilitation means are ointments and gels. With their use, the wound surfaces are cleared of dead masses faster and better, the further development of inflammation and tissue suppuration is prevented, due to which scars do not form.

After injuries associated with thermal effects, in a number of cases, ointments Povidone-iodine, Rescuer, Panthenol and Levomikol are used. They have the effect of quickly restoring damaged surfaces. When touching the wound causes pain, it is recommended to use sprays. They are sprayed onto the damaged area and avoid additional contact with injured skin areas. It is worth noting that these drugs will be the more effective the sooner a person has time to use them.

Burn dressings are another treatment option. They are impregnated with a special composition that has an analgesic and antiseptic effect on a sore spot:

  • Before treating injured areas and applying a bandage, great care should be taken to cut off the necessary piece of clothing from the damaged area. It is impossible to roughly clean the places of burns, thereby further injuring the skin (remove items of clothing, resin, etc. adhering to the body, etc.), independently pierce the bubbles;
  • An aseptic bandage can be cleaned with handkerchiefs, towels, clothes, sheets. It should be applied to the injury site without preliminary treatment (this is especially true for large deep burns!);
  • Soak an impromptu bandage, for example, with a solution of Furacilin. It is bought ready-made in a pharmacy or prepared by ourselves (crush 2-3 tablets of the drug and add to 100 ml of physiological solution, mix).

But still, even with a small and shallow burned surface, it is worth consulting a doctor. The specialist will assess the degree of damage, the general condition of the patient and prescribe a specific type of care for the burn that caused the edema, and also find out whether the person can be allowed to go home or must be hospitalized without fail.

Physiotherapy and home therapy

Sometimes physiotherapy procedures are used in complex treatment, which are aimed at the following points:

  • fight against pathogenic microorganisms;
  • stimulation of normal blood flow;
  • restoration of damaged epithelium;
  • prevention of skin scarring, especially if the lesion has a large area;
  • increasing immunity and awakening hidden reserves in the body to restore the affected areas.

Such procedures are selected individually, depending on the degree of damage. But often the patient will have a session of 10-12 procedures. They use physiotherapy methods such as UHF, ultraviolet radiation, Darsonval, magnetotherapy, etc.

You can eliminate edema after a burn injury using folk methods:

  • St. John's wort oil. Take 50 g of the plant and pour 0.1 l of olive oil (as an alternative - sunflower or linseed). The tool must be insisted for 3 weeks (preferably in a dark place), and then strain it. Next, a tampon is moistened in a liquid and applied to the wound. To keep the bandage firmly on the burn, it must be fixed with a bandage. The compress is left for 6-8 hours. It is applied in the morning and at night;
  • Take: butter - 100 g, 2 eggs. Beat the mass. Then you need to smear the lesion every day and leave it under a bandage for 2 hours, then change the compress next;
  • Urine. According to traditional healers, fresh liquid helps to relieve swelling, inflammation, pain (however, if bubbles burst on the affected surface and wounds have formed, this method cannot be used, since wounds can become infected!);
  • Toothpaste. Treatment of edema after a burn with such a composition can help not only reduce painful sensations, but also prevent blisters from appearing. To do this, apply a paste to the injured skin 3 times a day for 1 hour;
  • Golden mustache. The leaf of the plant is kneaded until sap is formed, applied to the affected area and fixed with a bandage bandage. After 8 hours, remove and replace the sheet with a new one;
  • Propolis based mixture. To make the product, 10 g of the main ingredient is required, which are poured into 2 tbsp. l. vegetable oil. The composition must be heated in a water bath until a mixture of a homogeneous consistency is formed. Then the affected skin is generously smeared with such a medicine, wrapped on top with natural linen or cotton cloth.

Such treatment is permissible only if the patient is not allergic to any component in the prescription. In addition, before you independently eliminate edema, a consequence of a burn, it is recommended to visit a doctor. It is likely that his recommendations will be much more effective.

Prophylaxis

To avoid the occurrence of traumatic situations, the following recommendations must be followed:

  • Any use of the electrical appliance should only take place in a dry room;
  • Items that are potentially dangerous in relation to burn injuries require their careful use, and it is desirable to keep them away from yourself;
  • With children from an early age, you need to conduct an educational program regarding measures for their safety;
  • If there are small children in the house, then the main responsibility of parents to monitor their safety is not to leave hot objects in the admissible vicinity, put plugs on sockets, close the door to the kitchen, etc.;
  • Direct skin contact with the sun is allowed only from 7 to 11 am, and after 5 pm, sunscreen should not be neglected;
  • It is very important to comply with safety regulations when working with chemicals and open flames.

If you remember about all these rules, then you will be able to avoid burns of any nature.

Summing up, I would like to note that if the injury is small and shallow, not accompanied by a general deterioration in the condition, an increase in temperature, etc., then you can help yourself on your own, using folk and pharmaceutical remedies. But if you are in doubt, and especially if a child is burned, then you should definitely consult with a specialist!

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