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2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
Children are so active that parents often face injuries such as broken knees, elbows and noses. However, even in adulthood, it is not always possible to avoid injury to the skin. Although this is a rather unpleasant process, inconvenience and suffering occurs even as the wound heals. Because it is during this period that the skin near it begins to itch and itch a lot.
Inflammation after injury is characterized by the following stages:
- The skin is damaged with possible bleeding;
- The blood has coagulated and a blood clot has formed;
- New tissue is being formed;
- The stage of complete healing, when the damaged skin falls off.
Consider why the appearance of such unpleasant sensations can occur, and with the help of what means or procedures they get rid of it.
Why wounds itch: reasons
Today, several explanations are known for why this happens. As experts from psychoanalysis assure, if you understand the causes of itching, it is much easier to endure this rather unpleasant period. Many people know the phrase, which is often uttered by representatives of the old generation: "A wound itches - it means that it heals."
Consider why such unpleasant sensations can occur:
- Any wound is inflammation. In this case, the body independently begins to fight trauma by rejecting damaged tissue, cleansing and regenerating new cells. The duration of the process depends on the general well-being and the type of skin damage. During healing, inflammatory mediators are released, the main of which is histamine. It has been proven that it is because of him that the injured place itches, since the body's reaction to its production is an allergy. However, this cannot be avoided, since at this time the edges of the skin are tightened at the place of rupture and thus it is restored. After complete healing, the hormone level returns to normal;
- During healing, new cells appear in the wound, in addition, the blood supply is restored and the supply of new tissues with nerves occurs. With proper cell regeneration, the proliferation of nerve endings is accompanied by increased itching, since the new nerves are too sensitive;
- The wounds itch also because the newly formed cells that cover the damaged surface contract, forming threads, and thus become the cause of itching;
- An allergic reaction that appears after applying the ointment. When such discomfort is accompanied by redness and a rash, it is recommended to refuse the remedy.
Knowing why the wound itches when it heals, you can start looking for ways to get rid of this trouble.
The wound itches: methods of treatment
Itching and other unpleasant symptoms are extremely annoying. Many are interested in what to do if the wound itches and there is no longer any strength to endure, and there is no way to buy medicine.
Knowing why the damage itches, consider what ambulance can be provided at home to alleviate the condition:
- Very carefully wash the site of inflammation with soap, this will get rid of dead cells, which are often the cause of irritation;
- For severe dryness, use a moisturizer;
- Make a cold compress by applying ice or a pack of chilled gel to the sore spot;
- The resulting crust leads to mechanical damage, it is lubricated with baby cream.
Today there are many different types of ointments that are sold over the counter and have been used successfully to treat wounds. Let's take a closer look at some of them:
- Actovegin. Accelerates the healing process of damage by increasing cellular metabolism. It is used for a variety of inflammatory processes, as well as for the treatment of burns, ulcers and other skin reactions. The active ingredient is deproteinized hemoderivative of calf blood. Additional substances: white paraffin, alcohol, propyl parahydroxybenzoate, cholesterol and purified water. Contraindications: individual intolerance to the components;
- Solcoseryl. Understanding why the wound itches, we will opt for another effective drug against this problem. Solcoseryl improves oxygen transport and increases cell regeneration. The active substance is deproteinized dialysate from the blood of dairy calves. Auxiliary components: propyl parahydroxybenzoate, alcohol, cholesterol, petroleum jelly and water. Apply the drug to the previously cleansed skin using a disinfectant. Contraindications: personal intolerance and possible allergy;
- Levomekol. The ointment has an antibacterial effect, while improving the restoration of the natural structure of tissues. The remedy is an antibiotic, it cleans the damage well and at the same time helps to quickly heal tissues. The main substances are chloramphenicol and methyluracin. Auxiliary components: polyethylene oxide. The agent is applied to the affected tissue, after which the site of application is covered with a sterile bandage. Contraindications: individual allergy to substances. Looking for information about why the healing damage itches and how to deal with it, we suggest choosing this remedy;
- Gentamicin ointment. Active ingredient: gentamicin sulfate. Base: paraffin and petroleum jelly. The affected areas are covered with ointment, the layer should be thin. This should be done several times a day. Contraindications: hypersensitivity, chronic renal failure, pregnancy;
- Methyluracil ointment. A drug that has a strong regenerative effect. With its help, the formation of a new tissue structure occurs much faster. The active substance is methyluracin. Contraindications: intolerance, malignant neoplasms, age up to 3 years.
At the stage of formation of new tissues, the main task of treatment is to help accelerate cell regeneration. The following physiotherapeutic procedures are well suited for this: laser therapy, ultraviolet irradiation, magnetic field, ultrasound with hydrocortisol ointment, and even physiotherapy exercises.
Knowing that the wound itches and, therefore, heals, many use traditional medicine to reduce the feeling of discomfort. These include the following compositions:
- Mullein broth. To prepare it, take 10 g of plant leaves, fill it with water and boil over low heat for about 10 minutes. After a lapse of time, the resulting composition is filtered and used in the form of lotions;
- Saves from itching Kalanchoe juice. For the procedure, the leaves are plucked and rubbed before the juice begins to emerge. Then, with the help of gauze, a certain amount is squeezed out and dripped directly onto the wound. It is recommended to do this procedure once a day.
Healing wounds for various reasons can lead to complications. Getting rid of them will take a lot of time and effort. Complications include bleeding, dehiscence, necrosis, and even infection. Such information should lead to a more serious attitude towards the injuries sustained. And most importantly, this means that when itching, you cannot scratch the wound, as this can significantly slow down the healing process.
It is important to remember that if the wound itches, then it heals, and any discomfort can be tolerated and over time they will surely pass. Now you know why these unpleasant sensations appear and how to deal with them.