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Treatment of candidiasis in adults
Treatment of candidiasis in adults

The fungus in the mouth in adults is activated much less frequently than in children, however, under the influence of certain factors associated with a decrease in the immune status, it begins to multiply rapidly.

What causes the increased activity of the yeast fungus and how to treat candidiasis? Of course, it is necessary to seek medical help to clarify the diagnosis and prescribe a therapeutic regimen, but you also need to know how not to provoke an unpleasant disease in yourself.

Where does candida come from in the mouth?

Yeast-like fungi are permanent inhabitants of the oral cavity - conditionally pathogenic flora. About 20 species of this species live in the mouth - in the canals of carious teeth, in the folds of the tonsils, on the gums, palate and tongue. Most often, microorganisms of the Candida species are found in the mouth - Candida krusei, Candida albicans, Candida pseudotropicalis, Candida tropicalis, Candida albicans, Candida guilliermondi. Spores of these species grow in cell sacs and do not form mycelium - the root system.

As soon as the acid-base balance of the mucous membrane supported by saliva is disturbed, the fungi begin to multiply vigorously. The most commonly sown culture is Candida albicans.

In the dormant state, unicellular organisms have a round shape, but as soon as favorable conditions for reproduction appear, the cells stretch out, begin to actively bud, displacing the surrounding microorganisms. Pseudomycelium covers the entire oral mucosa, destroys the surrounding tissues, which causes discomfort and soreness.

If the treatment in the mouth of the fungus is not carried out on time, a secondary infection may begin and a bacterial infection may join. Although more often the opposite happens - candida is a concomitant disease with a decrease in the immune status caused by acute or chronic conditions.

The causes of candidiasis

The manifestation of the activity of opportunistic microorganisms causes not only diseases.

Yeast fungi develop:

  • with intestinal dysbiosis;
  • neglect of the rules of personal hygiene;
  • poor quality water and food; violation of the diet;
  • an increase in the proportion of confectionery, sweets, spices in the diet - products that leach saliva;
  • changes in hormonal status - for example, pregnancy;
  • the presence of foreign bodies in the oral cavity - dentures and piercings.

Quite often, the infection develops against the background of treatment of the underlying disease - when taking antibiotics or chemotherapy, the acid-base balance of the oral cavity is disturbed.

Symptoms of a fungal infection

Fungus in the mouth causes the following symptoms:

  • there is a feeling of dryness and discomfort;
  • the oral mucosa swells; every touch becomes painful;
  • plaque appears - white grains, which are easily removed at first;
  • an unpleasant odor is felt from the mouth;
  • the area of the lesion increases, the plaque covers the mucous membrane with a continuous layer;
  • it is impossible to remove white flakes - it is very painful and bleeding sores remain on the mucous membrane after removing the plaque
  • itching and burning intensify.

Fever may appear and general intoxication of the body may begin.

Diagnosis of the disease

The following types of candidiasis are distinguished:

  • acute pseudomembranous or common thrush;
  • acute atrophic - with manifestations of mucosal necrosis;
  • chronic hyperplastic;
  • chronic atrophic.

It is necessary to treat the fungus in the mouth, as the condition is aggravated.

Diagnosis of the disease

The diagnosis is easy - in most cases, the clinical picture is quite characteristic.

When a black or greenish plaque appears in the mouth, a diagnosis of a chromogenic fungus can be detected - against the background of candida activity, other opportunistic and pathogenic microorganisms began to develop.

For the treatment of the fungus, it is also required to clarify the type of candida - for this, a swab is taken from the affected mucosa. Blood tests are required - general and sugar tests. Concomitant diseases are clarified, whether there is a history of diabetes mellitus or intestinal problems. Only then a therapeutic regimen is prescribed.

Treatment of candidiasis in an adult

A dentist or periodontist treats candida in the mouth of an adult. If the condition has worsened, and general intoxication of the body has appeared, an infectious disease specialist and a mycologist are connected to the problem. The therapeutic scheme includes drugs of local and general action - the latter are connected when absolutely necessary.

  • The most commonly prescribed "Nystatin", "Clotrimazole", "Levoril". Dosage forms can be different - ointments, gels, sprays, tablets - currently special absorbable types of tablets are popular - long-acting - or chewable.
  • For more effective action "Nystatin" is prescribed in combination with vitamin B12. In this case, the ointment for the treatment of the oral cavity has to be done independently - powder "Nystatin" or a crushed tablet is mixed with an ampoule of vitamin and applied to the mucous membrane.
  • In more difficult cases, Nizoral, Diflucan, Fluconazole, Ketoconazole and Itraconazole are used, antifungal caramel - modern antimycotic agents.

For children, mucous membranes are usually treated with pain relievers with lidocaine, since it is quite difficult to get a child suffering from candidiasis to eat. Adults usually understand that they need to eat under any circumstances, but if the pain becomes intolerable, then they can also use pain relieving sprays.

  • Vitamins C, group B - B2, B6 and B12, nicotinic acid, iron preparations are used as fortifying agents.
  • In chronic forms of thrush, the fungus is very difficult to treat - any change in the immune status or an error in the diet causes a relapse of the disease. In this case, it makes sense to be vaccinated with a special vaccine.

When treating candidiasis, you must follow a special diet:

  1. Exclude sweets, alcohol, foods with yeast, hot spices, sour drinks and spicy foods that corrode mucous membranes from the daily menu.
  2. Preference should be given to enveloping cereals, dairy products, lean meat dishes, as soon as the acute symptoms subside, it is imperative to include fresh vegetables and fruits in the diet.

What to treat a fungus in the mouth of an adult should be prescribed by a doctor - in each case, an individual therapeutic regimen is developed.

Traditional medicine for candida

It is quite difficult to cure the fungus in the mouth only with folk methods, but when they are connected to the therapeutic scheme, the symptoms are eliminated faster.

  1. Applications from sea buckthorn oil are recognized even by official medicine. Aloe liniment and rosehip oil have the same effect. Olive or sunflower oil can help reduce soreness.
  2. Effectively eliminate the symptoms of rinsing with infusions of oak bark, chamomile, sage, decoctions of dill and wild rosemary.
  3. Carrot juice has a beneficial effect on the condition of the oral mucosa - it eliminates inflammation and vitaminizes.
  4. One of the popular treatments for candidiasis is medotherapy. You can lubricate the inflamed areas in the mouth with fresh honey, rinse your mouth with propolis tincture.
  5. A very effective method is to take a propolis ball, roll it from cheek to cheek until it is completely dissolved. Propolis has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.

It is imperative to treat thrush in the oral cavity. If it appears often, it means that the body is giving a signal that it is not all right.

It is imperative to find out what is the reason for the decrease in immunity. Candidiasis affects 75% of HIV-infected people, and sometimes it is thrush that turns out to be a marker indicating the presence of antibodies in the blood.

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