Table of contents:

Why do sores appear on the inside of the lips
Why do sores appear on the inside of the lips

A lip ulcer is not a disease, but it can be a symptom of many diseases and a sign of certain conditions. Such diseases include, for example, herpes, syphilis or stomatitis of various etiologies.

Sores inside the oral cavity can form due to wearing poor-quality prostheses or violation of hygiene rules, when exposed to weather conditions - wind and frost, with the abuse of bad habits - smoking, due to general intoxication of the body.

In the initial stage of the disease, rarely anyone shows concern - they try to remove the painful formation on their own.

If it is not possible to get rid of the defect for more than two weeks, and it is still increasing in size, you should pay serious attention to it.

How to treat an ulcer inside the lip?

General tips for treating lip ulcers

Ulcers on the lips are multiple and single, large and small, can have a round or oval shape. The middle of the defect is white, covered with fibrin, the border is inflamed, bright red. Touching the injury is painful, the lip is swollen.

Treatment for ulcers inside the lip largely depends on the reasons for which they appeared.

The first steps in the formation of an ulcer defect on the inner side of the lip are the use of drugs and topical agents that have anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties. It can be: synthomycin emulsion, tetracycline ointment, Levomikol gel, Vishnevsky liniment-balm, Chlorfillipt oil, herbal infusions - chamomile, calendula, sage, oak bark. Folk remedies recognized by official medicine are effective - the application of sea buckthorn and rosehip oils, the resorption of a propolis ball.

In some cases, it is necessary to use anesthetic drugs - "Lidocaine", "Benzene", "Tetracaine" and the like. Anti-inflammatory drugs include vitamins E and A in the form of oils, fresh honey.

Folk remedies for eliminating ulcerative defects:

  • fresh wormwood juice;
  • strawberry or currant leaves;
  • gruel from grated potatoes or carrots;
  • cranberry juice.

To quickly heal ulcers on the lips, it is necessary to find out the reasons for their appearance more precisely.

Causes and treatment of painful neoplasms

1. Herpes

For the treatment of ulcers caused by the herpes virus, antiviral agents are used - ointments "Acyclovir", "Zavirax", "Panavir", "Denavir" and the like. Distinguishing sores caused by herpes is easy enough.

  1. The lip swells at first;
  2. begins to itch;
  3. takes on a bright color;
  4. bubbles with liquid transparent contents appear on it.

The ointment should be applied until the blister has burst and an aphthous ulcer has not formed. If it appears, then anti-inflammatory drugs are added to the antivirals.

2. Stomatitis

Stomatitis can be caused by candidiasis - thrush. In this case, on the lips - more often in the corners - a gray-white coating appears in the form of flakes or scales.

At first, it is pointlike and easily separates, later the film becomes denser, and when you try to remove it, aphtha appears.

In this case, the following are used for treatment:

  • "Nystatin" ointment;
  • cream "Clotrimazole";
  • Fluconazole cream.

It is desirable to apply such funds in the form of applications - it is undesirable to swallow them.

For the treatment of bacterial stomatitis, antibiotic ointments and Metrogyl-gel are used. Bacterial stomatitis is most often caused by trauma to the mucous membrane of the lips with mechanical damage, chemical burns, if the prostheses are of poor quality or unusual.

3. Frost

It is better to treat ulcers that have appeared due to exposure to frost, wind or from dry lips on a cold day with oil means - sea buckthorn or rosehip oil. "Serious" drugs should be used only in cases where secondary infection has occurred - pathogenic bacteria have settled in a crack wound on the mucous membrane.

4. Diseases with rashes

Sometimes ulcers on the lips appear with diseases, the symptoms of which are various rashes - with chickenpox, rubella, scarlet fever. Separately, such aphthae should not be treated - it is enough to lubricate them with non-corrosive anesthetics or oils. As soon as the disease ends, ulcerative defects will heal.

It is undesirable to use various alcohol-based products for the treatment of delicate mucous membranes - they increase irritation, corroding delicate skin. It is especially dangerous to use them to eliminate aft caused by "childhood" infections. A scar may form on the lip.

During treatment, you should adhere to a special diet - exclude sour, spicy and hot foods from the diet in order to reduce the possibility of irritation.

5. Candida fungus

If stomatitis is caused by the activity of candida mushrooms, then you should temporarily abandon:

  1. sweets;
  2. too fatty foods;
  3. alcohol;
  4. grapes;
  5. bananas.

The proportion of fermented milk products in the daily menu should be increased, lips can be additionally rinsed with serum.

Aphthae, which appear as a side effect of medications such as chemotherapy, are treated with anti-inflammatory or emollients. Such defects heal for a rather long time - the body is weakened. After consulting a doctor, it is possible to use immunomodulators and vitamin complexes.

When the aphthae does not disappear for more than 2 weeks, and the submandibular lymph nodes swell to a borderline state or become painful to touch, you need to see a doctor.

Official medicine about ulcerative defects on the lips

It is required to start the “doctor's round” with the dentist.

Lips often turn out to be an indicator of the state of the body, and if you identify the disease at the very beginning, then getting rid of it in the future will be much easier.

You should not immediately tune in that the aphthae on the lip is syphilis. Ulceration of the oral mucosa can cause any disease that lowers the immune status, for example, intestinal dysbiosis.

Many of them can be quite dangerous: Crohn's disease, HIV infection, diabetes mellitus.

Without blood tests and a thorough examination, it is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis.

  • Sometimes, ulceration of the oral mucosa begins with the appearance of ulcers under the lip. If an ulcer appears under the lip, you should consult a dermatologist. A similar condition can be caused by dermatitis of various etiologies.
  • Aphthae in the corners of the mouth are often called "seizures". Ulceration is caused by microorganisms of two types - streptococci or candida fungi. The condition is aggravated with vitamin deficiency.
  • Streptococcal flora is destroyed by means of antibiotics, candidiasis - by antifungal agents, the names of the drugs are already indicated in the text. You can understand which flora caused the seizures by the appearance of the damage.
  • With streptococcal seizures, bubbles first appear like in herpes, then aphthae are formed. With candidiasis, erosive defects immediately appear, on which a white-gray plaque is formed.

Lip ulcers, which are symptoms of serious diseases, are treated in the same way as damage caused by stomatitis of various etiologies. But since the therapeutic scheme is aimed at stopping the underlying disease, mucosal damage can heal for a very long time.

If you have a history of a disease that lowers the immune status and increases the risk of ulceration of the oral mucosa, you need to strengthen hygiene measures - regularly brush your teeth, rinse your mouth after eating, not allowing food debris to remain between your teeth. Lips should be protected from thermal and mechanical injuries, try to lick less, lubricate with oils or hygienic lipstick before going outside.

A single ulcer on the lip with low immunity can provoke an erosive disease of the mucous membrane of the entire oral cavity or give rise to inflammation of the facial skin. Therefore, the treatment of aft should be dealt with even at the stage of their formation.

Popular by topic