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2023 Author: Alfred Shackley | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-21 13:14
Arthrosis of the talonavicular joint is an unpleasant diagnosis, which is most often the result of injuries sustained throughout life. This disease begins to develop after 25 years. It is at this age that the legs of a young growing organism are exposed to excessive loads, bruises, sprains, which are a consequence of an active lifestyle.
Excessive weight can make the situation worse. Arthrosis of the talonavicular joint is treated for a very long time and in a complex manner. Treatment methods depend on the degree of the disease and the reasons that caused it.
Causes of arthrosis of the talonavicular joint
The following factors can be distinguished that cause arthrosis of the talo-navicular joint:
The injuries sustained are the most common cause. Severe contusion, subluxation, sprained ankle, fracture leave an unpleasant trail behind.
Inflammatory process in the body. Arthrosis can be a consequence of rheumatoid arthritis.
Dysplasia. The structure and functionality of the foot may be defective from birth.
Incorrect positioning of the joint, weak ligamentous apparatus lead to rapid wear of the cartilaginous tissue and deformation of the bones. Also, arthrosis of the talonavicular joint may appear due to third degree flat feet.
Overweight. This negative factor increases the load on the feet and causes painful sensations. Try to eat right, control your weight, and move more.
This will save you from diseases such as:
Symptoms and severity of arthrosis of the talo-navicular joint
The following symptoms of the disease can be distinguished:
- Swelling in the area of the foot and ankle;
- Painful sensations when walking;
- Inflammatory processes in the joint and muscle tissue.
There are the following degrees of severity of arthrosis.
With arthrosis of the first degree, a person does not notice practically any discomfort, except for increased fatigue after a long walk. The disease can only be detected during an X-ray. The picture shows signs of bone sclerosis, a decrease in the joint, the appearance of an osteophyte on the bone tissue.
Arthrosis of the second degree is characterized by intense pain in the foot. At this stage, the head in the bone becomes denser, an osteophyte appears on the tissue, which constrains the mobility of the foot.
With arthrosis of the third degree, the joint is deformed. The toes on the foot become almost motionless. The patient feels a sharp pain when walking.
Treatment of the disease
Treatment of arthrosis should be carried out only under the supervision of a physician.
The complex of rehabilitation measures includes:
- Medication treatment;
- Unconventional methods;
- Proper nutrition;
- Orthopedic regimen;
In the treatment of inflammation, drugs of various groups are prescribed. With their help, you can get rid of the symptoms of the disease and improve the nutrition of the joint tissue. In severe cases, when the disease is at the last stage, medication treatment will not lead to a result.
Then, to restore cartilage and bone tissue, surgical intervention is required.
Drug treatment helps to reduce pain in the foot, heal the inflamed joint capsule, improve metabolism in cartilage tissue, microcirculation in bone tissue.
Non-steroidal drugs are used as pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs. Their action is aimed at reducing muscle spasms, improving the blood supply to the joint and increasing mobility. The course of treatment is from 10 to 14 days, depending on the recommendation of the attending physician.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs include:
Taking such drugs can have side effects in the form of exacerbation of diseases of the stomach and intestines. With gastritis, ulcers, the remedy should be taken in short courses of 2-3 days.
To increase the mobility of the joint and restore it, drugs from the group of chondoprotectors are used. These funds lead to an improvement in the metabolism of articular cartilage, slowing down and preventing its destruction. The main active components of chondoprotectors include glycosaminoglycan and chondroitin. The drugs are used in courses from 28 days to 6 months.
The drugs are available in pill and injection form.
The listed funds have a complex effect on the entire body. In addition to them, in the treatment of arthrosis, methods of local therapy are used, which include the use of creams and ointments. Such funds lead to a quick result and the removal of inflammation. Local preparations include: glucocorticoid "Diprospan", hyaluronic acid "Osenil", ointments "Finalgon", "Fastum-gel".
So that during the period of treatment the muscles do not atrophy, the patient is prescribed physiotherapy exercises. Exercise helps to increase the mobility of the foot, strengthen the ligamentous apparatus and reduce pain in the joint area.
With non-traditional treatment, phytotherapy, oriental practice, acupuncture, hirudotherapy, apitherapy, honey treatment, mud baths, and traditional methods are used.
Treatment of the disease with alternative methods
Traditional methods of treatment help to reduce pain in the area of the talo-navicular joint. However, they do not take part in its recovery, therefore, they can only be used as an adjunct to drug treatment.
It has a warming effect and helps relieve inflammation. During treatment, oil should be rubbed into the feet 2 times a day.
Grind the garlic to a porridge state, add a couple of tablespoons of vegetable oil. Apply the resulting mass to the sore spot, cover it with a bandage on top. The compress should be left overnight.
Helps relieve swelling and soreness. Wash a couple of potatoes and chop finely. Cook for 5 minutes. Apply the tubers to the foot 2-3 times a day for half an hour.
Grind 5 grams of St. John's wort, add a little petroleum jelly and mix thoroughly. Apply the ointment to your foot 2-3 times a day.
Prevention of arthrosis of the talonavicular joint
The complex of preventive measures includes:
- Morning exercises. After waking up, gently knead your feet and perform a set of gymnastic exercises;
- Monitor your diet and weight. Try to eat less salt;
- Drink a complex of vitamins and minerals;
- When choosing shoes, pay attention to the following factors: the sole should be flexible, orthopedic insoles are desirable, the size should be clearly on the leg;
- Try not to buy shoes for your child to grow, a large shoe size leads to deformation of the foot when walking.
If your activity involves walking, try to sit down for 10 minutes if possible so your muscles can rest and recover. If you experience pain or discomfort, go to the hospital for a diagnosis.